ван дер Плуг Я.Д. Крестьянство и искусство сельского хозяйства: чаяновский манифест
A theoretical contribution to the economics and statistics of prominent scientists is described: A. Fayol, one of the founders of industrial management, academician, one of the CEMI RAS' founders N.P. Fedorenko, Nobel Prize winner 1993 R.W. Vogel, the greatest economist of the Middle Ages, the scholastician Thomas Aquinas, a prominent peasant scholar and predecessor of Chayanov - A.F. Fortunatov.
The theoretical contribution to the economics and statistics of prominent Russian pre-revolutionary scientists was resurrected and described: A.V. Chayanov, a theorist of zoning A.N. Chelintsev, statisticians N.S. Chetverikoff and A.A. Chuprow, who worked with E.E. Slutsky and N.D. Kondratieff, then striking public figure and educator A.I. Chuprow, at last professor at Moscow State University and the adept of V.K. Dmitrieff' ideas - N.N. Shaposhnikoff. Their intellectual biographies with previously unknown details are given as well.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.