Управление развитием крупномасштабных систем (MLSD'2017): Материалы Десятой международной конференции, 2 окт. - 4 окт. 2017 г.
The Arctic region is one of the most sensitive and vulnerable to climate change. The dramatic melting of Arctic ice has several negative consequences for the whole ecosystem as well as for a way of life of native people but it also creates new opportunities for the region. First, it opens up potential for exploitation of large deposits of natural resources such oil and gas. Second, it shrinks Arctic shipping routes which offer significant economic savings for many countries. These benefits has already attracted many countries, both Arctic and non-Arctic, thus resulting in potential conflict of interests. Unclear borders and existing territorial claims made the problem even more complicated. In our paper we made an attempt to evaluate the level of interest of countries in the Arctic region with respect to main resources – oil, gas, fish and maritime routes. As a result, we identified conflict of zones and presented a model of conflict resolution based on the idea of superposition which allocates each zone to a particular country.
The oil and gas industry growth has increased rapidly in the Barents Sea during the last few years. The Arctic zone is considered to be a relatively clean area. However, there is a certain number of “hot spots” in the Arctic due to the activities of extracting companies.
We studied the problems connected with production of these two types of fossil fuel and carried out simulation model. This model shows the results of oil or gas flowing accident related to drilling complex, taking into account sea currents. By using this model, we can highlight areas in the Barents Sea with the highest potential of the disaster so that preventive measures could be taken. In addition, this model helps to organize elimination of fossil fuel flowing consequences.