Социально-экономические проблемы развития и функционирования транспортных систем городов и зон их влияния. Материалы XXIII Международной (XXVI Екатеринбургской, I Минской) научно-практической конференции
In 2015 the Federal Act № 220-FZ «On organization of regular public transportation services...» has been introduced in Russia. This act has clarified the role of public transport authorities and the methods to involve and finance public transport operators. This study provides an 227 overview of approaches for contracting of public transport services under the 220-FZ legislation. This paper has been divided into three parts. The first one will overview the role of the legislation in overall public transport regulatory system in Russia. The second section is concerned with regulation of interregional bus services. The third section will examine the regulation of bordering interregional routes, intermunicipal and municipal routes.
Transit system of New York City and New York Metropolitan Area is analyzed: bridges, tunnels, expressways and parkways system; congestion problem; rail commuting; ferry services; suburban bus commuting; light rail systems of Newark and Jersey City; intercity subway PATH between cities of New Jersey and Manhattan; subway system of New York City; history of street cars and trolley buses in NYC; taxi, bike-sharing system CitiBike; Roosevelt Island’s aerial tramway; people-movers systems in JFK New York City and Newark Liberty airports. Modal split of New York Metropolitan Area’s transit is characterized. 15 tables. 19 maps.