Исследование о природе и причинах богатства народов. 2-е издание
This volume introduces to the reader the second edition of the main work of Adam Smith's "father" of classical political economy - "Wealth of Nations" (1776). The first edition, published in the series "Anthology of Economic Thought" in 2007, was met with approval by a wide circle of our readers and the expert community. In continuation of this tradition, this edition first publishes the translation of A. Smith's History of Astronomy, one of the main works of the early period (until 1758), in which a method of studying socio-economic processes is born and perfected, which subsequently brought the author worldwide fame. In it already appears an exceptionally fruitful metaphor of the "invisible hand", which Smith promulgates as applied to celestial phenomena ("the invisible hand of Jupiter").
In "Wealth of Nations" Smith summarized the ideas of scientists for the previous century, developed a system of categories, methods and principles of economic science and had a decisive influence on its development in the XIX century in Britain and other countries, including Russia. During his lifetime, Smith's book withstood several publications and was translated into other European languages, becoming a classic of economic literature. Unflagging interest in it is also evident today in connection with the problems of the world division of labor, the global market and competition on it.
All the merits of the previous edition of The Wealth of Nations in Russian, including the nominal, subject and geographical indexes, are preserved. The text was compared with the most authoritative "Glazgov edition" of Smith's works (1976-1985, 6 volumes).
For scientists, historians of economic thought, graduate students and students, as well as all classics of political economy who are interested in the legacy.
This issue is translated from English, with notes and commentary on A. Smith's work "The History of Astronomy," which was written during the period of formation of views on the economy (until 1758) and in which the metaphor of the "invisible hand" (Jupiter) appears for the first time. This essay can be considered as a concentrated expression of the Smith Methodology in the field of natural (and part of the social) sciences
In the preface to the translation of A. Smith's "History of Astronomy" (written before 1758), an assessment is given of the historical and economic significance of this text in the corpus of Smith's works; a formal scheme is proposed for linking the concepts used by Smith in this methodological essay