Теория и практика институциональных преобразований в России
The thirty-eighth issue of the collection includes two sections: "Theoretical Problems of Economics and Institutional Transformations", "Applied Problems and Practice of Institutional Reforms in Russia". They contain materials relevant to the economy of modern Russia
The chapter continues the construction of the theory of economic circulation (circular flow economy). Following the description of the evolutionary principle of consideration of production systems and the missing from the point of view of constructing the circular schemes of the economy of the element (I), a typology of circular schemes (Gestalts) in real historical time is given. This approach is a consequence of a generalized interpretation of the history of economic thought and it can be perceived as a "withdrawal" (Aufhebung) (in the Hegelian sense) of the latter.
Which of the dominant metodological paradigm replaced the Soviet Marxism in philosophy and humanities on the post-Soviet place? How it influenced the formation of independent scientific communities? What is the status philosophy in the context of contemporary humanities in post-Soviet countries? This is the range of issue discussed by Belarusian and Ukrainian scientist in this book. The main empirical base of the study served as a scientific periodical, which is published in the past 20 year in Belarus and Ukraine. Te publication is intended for a wide circle of intellectuals who are interested in the development of philosophy and human sciences in post-soviet countres
The tradition of circuit-flow (der Kreislauf) models from Quesnay up to Sraffa belongs to so called thematic traditions, by terminology of G. Holton. It requires perpetual historical and analytical reconstruction for continuous development. In this article new circular-flow scheme is proposed and analyzed.
New version of the theory of reproduction, based on the switched mode of reproduction unexplored till now is offered.
Main objective of this aticle is to reveal the role of business reputation the problematic sociojuridical environment, in which Russian business operates today. Special attention is drawn to the estimation of the level of intensity of civilized business attributes (severity of aw compliance, business liabilities, ethics, etc.) in the features, according to which successful businessmen and managers identify companies with good business reputation today. Another important issue considered in the article is most typical types of business reputation in contemporary Russia.
Introduction to new Russian book on the theory of reproduction
In the article the necessity of institutional changes on the way to sustainable ecological-economic development and the multidirectional nature of the process is proved. The authors offer the ways of forming effective institutional mechanism. And the features of institutional transformations in Russia are emphasized.
This article focuses on the phenomenon of the «institutional matrixes theory» from positions of validity of the forecast about not-democratic development of Russia. Analysis is built on consideration of internal structure of institutional matrixes, their external surrounding and based institutes. Opened essence of the theory construction method by separations of positions, unoriginal from west- and russia- institutionalizm, on the one hand, and analysis of own contribution of author of given theory, with the another. The conclusions are done on internal discoordination of key positions, confusing based categories and essential contradictions to facts of social reality. In article opposed traditional paradigm «West-East» as it reproduced in «institutional matrixes theory», and the new picture of the world on the basis of razdatok-economy theory forecasting democratic development for Russia.
Over the recent years Russian audience has been leaving federal TV channels. At the same time, there is another trend showing the emergence of a large number of specialized niche channels. On the emerging market of specialized channels one can see a situation when there is no formal regulation of market agents’ activities that are fully developed and correspond market conditions. So far, public authorities and market agents make certain institutional compromise when sometimes formal rules can be partially ignored. So, we can expect some institutional changes in the nearest future.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.