Тенденции и перспективы развития Евразийского экономического союза в контексте опыта европейской интеграции и глобальных вызовов
The development of the Eurasian Union is becoming increasingly dynamic in the economy, trade and geopolitics. However, its potential is far from being exhausted. The article elaborates what tasks the EAEU should solve in order to remain in demand as an integration bloc.
The governments of the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union should set an ambitious goal of creating a powerful, innovative and competitive union-wide complex of the rare earth industry. Its implementation is ideally suited as one of the "flagship" projects of the EAEU, which are now actively discussing and looked for in the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) and in the scientific expert community of the Union countries. Moreover, there are a lot of strong arguments in favor of the success of the development of the union-wide complex of the rare earth industry.
While the number of non-tariff barriers in the world is rising, the EAEU is pursuing a decrease of NTBs – and alignment of technical standards with the EU. However, immediate benefits to European companies have not yet materialised.
The article is devoted to the analysis of a number of trends in the foreign and domestic policy of the Republic of Belarus, which are pro-Western and nationalistic in nature. The gradual modern foreign policy of Belarus in the western "vector" is stimulated not only by the Ukrainian crisis, but also by the escalation of the confrontation between Russia and the West, as well as the periodic exacerbations of relations between Moscow and Minsk. The Belarusian leadership is playing a complex political game, called up on the one hand to mask the change of the geopolitical vector, on the other hand to keep access to Russian financial and resource support.
On 15 March 2019, the first “Connecting Eurasia Dialogue: From the Atlantic to the Pacific” was held in Brussels, at Europe’s political heart. The event was organized by the Roscongress Foundation and the Conoscere Eurasia Association with the support of the Association of European Businesses and the Belgian-Luxembourg Chamber of Commerce. Amid the current political cooldown, this was a unique gathering, enabling a high-level dialogue on trade, economic, and integration issues among stakeholders from the wider Eurasian space, including the European Union (EU), the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), and China. The focus of high-level policy makers and top business executives attended the Dialogue was on challenges and opportunities of the EU’s engagement with the EAEU, harmonization of soft infrastructure to enhance trans-Eurasian connectivity, and the EAEU’s single pharmaceutical market. This IIASA discussion paper provides a summary of the deliberations, supported by research from inside and outside the Institute.
The Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) is relatively new regional integration block formed in the beginning of 2015 and now consists of five members (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia). The main document that establishes the basic principles of the functioning of the EAEU is the Agreement on EAEU that also covers the specifics of application of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on a very aggregate level. Overall NTMs adopted within EAEU are equally applied by the members of the Union. But still these measures may find their reflection in the national legislation of the member-states.
In order to analyze EAEU NTMs two sources of information were used: website of the Eurasian Economic Commission and TRAINS/WITS database. They were used as complements and allowed to find the most up to date versions of the legal acts that cover trade- and NTM-related aspects of EAEU functioning.
A special issue of the interstate journal "The Bulletin of the economy of the Eurasian Union", devoted to the priorities of the second five-year agenda of the EAEU.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.