Региональная интеграция в глобальной экономике
Modern challenges for international law application in the former USSR countries are inextricably linked to the regional integration issues. Despite seeking closer rapprochement with the EU, Russia never dropped its ambitions as a spearhead of political, economic and legal integration within the post-Soviet area. Belarus actively participates in the post-Soviet integration projects while seeking improvements of EU-Belarus relations. However, Ukraine embarked upon a long and challenging path of deeper political and economic integration with the EU and aligning its legal system with the EU acquis. Against this backdrop, this article studies the constitutional dimension of three post-Soviet republic’s engagement in regional integration projects identifying the problematic issues in the application of international law.
This Handbook explores the multifaceted linkages between two of the most important socioeconomic phenomena of our time: globalisation and migration. Both are on the rise, increasing in size and scope worldwide, and this Handbook offers the necessary background knowledge and tools to understand how population flows shape, and are shaped by, economic and cultural globalisation. Through central themes which correspond to the four domains of human life – politics, economics (separated into trade and development, and the global division of labour), culture and family life – expert authors from five continents highlight the interdependence between migration and globalisation, and explore the mutual impact of economic, social and political globalisation on international population flows. They also investigate how migrants themselves become agents of the globalisation process. With accessible language that guides the reader easily through complex issues, this Handbook makes an ideal resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and academics interested in migration, ethnicity, development, international relations and international economics.
This article continues a series of modern theoretical developments in the field of legal problems of integration of states. At the same time the study proposes to address the current problems of integration from a new side and to consider in detail the contribution of international courts to the strengthening of integration processes. For these purposes the authors generalize and systematize the conceptual apparatus of "integration law", sometimes contradictory and controversial. Thus the article emphasizes that not every form of international cooperation of states can be qualified as integration. A distinctive feature of an integration association is functioning of a unique court, which competence includes, first of all, interpretation, including prejudicial one of the agreements and treaties of these associations, as well as the resolution of disputes between states and bodies of these associations.
The influence of the Court of Justice of the European Union on integration processes is studied in detail. The article highlights the trends of judicial practice and the most significant legal positions of this body of international justice. Bypassing the too ambiguous question of whether this court is a "Constitutional court of Europe" the authors conclude that European law (both in general and its principles and individual areas of regulation) was formed under the influence of the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union.
The article also emphasizes the significant potential of the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union in strengthening the "Community law" and promoting its uniform application. The authors of the study do not aim to compare this court with the justice bodies of other integration associations and proceed from the fact that the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union has its own original way of development.
Finally this article provides the reader with an overview of an integration justice system in Latin America and Africa. Unfortunately, these international courts often are not in the focus of scientific interest of Russian scientists, while integration processes are developing very fast on these continents. In a similar way authors attempted to analyze in the development of the case-law of Latin American and African international courts, the main legal principles and legal ideas guiding these bodies of international justice.
In conclusion findings are made about efficiency of courts of integration associations in general.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.