The review provides a detailed analysis of main trends in Russia's economy in 2014. The paper contains 6 big sections that highlight single aspects of Russia's economic development: the socio-political context; the monetary and credit spheres; financial sphere; the real sector; social sphere; institutional challenges. The paper employs a huge mass of statistical data that forms the basis of original computation and numerous charts.
Article describes the complex of imitation models of social sphere. The model complex is intended for support of decision-making in social sphere, focusing on problems of reforming of housing, public health services and social security. The complex is realized on the basis of system dynamics methods and modern technologies of simulation modeling.
Involving non-profit organizations (NPOs) in providing state and municipal services in the social sphere (including education, healthcare, culture and social policy, physical culture and sport, mass media) has been a priority of Russia’s social policy for the past several years. However, there has been no significant progress achieved in dealing with this issue, as evidenced by the fact that the need for such involvement has been repeatedly underlined in the speech of the President of Russian Federation addressed to the Federal Assembly (2013-2015). According to statistics, the volume of subsidiaries allocated to private organizations in the social sphere amounted to only 40 billion rubles in 2015 or 1.6% of the total funds allocated to this area in the federal budget. In comparison with 2013, it decreased by almost 15%.
The article presents the results of a research of socioeconomic mechanisms of involving NPOs in providing services in the social sphere. This article considers more specifically the level of real functioning of these mechanisms in the subjects of Russian Federation, through analyzing the indicators of amount and structure of the budget allocations to NPOs. These mechanisms are analyzed on the federal and regional levels through the scope of: a) the rights (and the duties) of the state (municipal) authorities to involve NPOs in providing social services at the expenses of budget funds; b) the procedures of service providers selection; c) the method (tool) of NPOs budgeting.
The article specifies deficiencies of these mechanisms that determine obstacles to a wider involvement of NPOs in providing social services. One of these obstacles is the low "status" of the services provided by NPOs. Today, they are often not formally related to the state (municipal) services ensuring the realization of social guarantees.
The article presents the study results of data on budgetary financing of socio-cultural sphere for the period from 2000 to 2015, from the funds of the consolidated budget of the Russian Federation and the Federal budget as related to the field as a whole and its individual sectors. In order to test the hypothesis that Russian State’s priority is the development of the mentioned above sphere in the dynamics the article analyzes the indicators of public funding volumes, as well as the shares allocated to this sector from the budget funds in the total budget expenditures. Indicators of the socio-cultural sphere budgetary financing during indicated period are compared with similar indicators of the countries belonging to the Organization for economic cooperation and development. The article examines indicators of budgetary funds allocated for functioning and development of the sphere. Conclusions are made about a partial confirmation of the mentioned hypothesis. Under the conditions of hard budget restrictions the urgency of the task to increase an efficiency of budgetary expenses is being emphasized. The article analyzes the implementation of reforms that play a key role in completing this task.