Умные граждане - умное государство: экспертные технологии и будущее государственного управления
This panel features researchers from six countries which sufficiently vary in culture, historic and current governance traditions and models, size, economic situation, social capital and geographic location. All their national governments implement OGD policy with certain degrees of success and failure.
The panelists will present short reports (up to 10 minutes) explaining the current situation in the country which he/she represents by using ecosystem approach1.
The EGOSE 2015 aims to address the main issues of concern within the Information Society, e-government, e-governance, and e-democracy. The Conference provides a platform for networking and collaboration of eGovernance experts in the Eurasian area.
The monograph is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the modern transformations that have occurred in public administration and public service in recent years under the influence of socio-economic reforms. Along with doctrinal and legislative issues focusing on applied aspects of organization of the system of Executive authorities and their law-making activities, analyzing problems that occur in modern practice income and the civil service and settlement of conflict of interests in the civil service, offers possible solutions. The monograph will be of interest to researchers and practitioners, state and municipal officials, teachers, graduate students, students, as well as all those who are interested in the problems of public administration and public service.
This article is devoted to a solution of the problem of collecting and formalization of the expert knowledge representing incidents received during the operation of information systems and designed to address the problem of increasing the efficiency of their management. The existing approaches and tools of a solution of the problem of incident management, their main shortcomings are defined. As perspective approach use of ontology subject domain providing basis for formation of conceptual model of subject domain for incident`s management of information system is offered; the organization of objects of subject domain is carried out with use of classification of incidents for information systems with use of structural approach and the qualifier based on the OSI/ISO model. The article also outlines the basic principles of developing a prototype incident management system by using Thinkmap SDK tools.
One of the measures implemented as a part of administrative reform in Russia was the introduction of administrative procedures — special rules for providing government services that specify the process, the timing, the sanctions, etc, which can be used by bureaucrats for coordinating their activities, and by their principals (higher ranking bureaucrats and citizens) to control their agents. The main idea behind the administrative procedures was to increase the transparency of bureaucracies that provide government services, to simplify the control over bureaucrats, to prevent corruption, and, consequently, to increase the quality of government services. But after a few years since the introduction of administrative procedures we still face the problem of low accountability of bureaucrats. Thus, the main goal of the paper is to show whether administrative procedures can solve the problem of bureaucrats’ opportunism, and if they can, what are the key determinants of their effectiveness. To answer the question we provide two simple models of interaction between bureaucrats and citizens, and bureaucrats of different ranks, and describe the links between the models, to show how the introduction of administrative procedures influences the outcome of the interaction between the agents. We also define the set of parameters that can make administrative procedures a real means of control over bureaucrats and thus lead to better quality of government services.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.