Oxford Handbook of Computational Perceptual Organization
The 40th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP) took place in Berlin (Germany), from August 27th to 31st, 2017. With about 1200 fellow vision scientists coming to the Hauptstadt, this has been the biggest ECVP yet. As organizers of this meeting, we were impressed by the large number of contributions that allowed us to put together an amazing program. In three parallel tracks and across four days, we hosted over 200 talks in 12 symposia and 24 talk sessions, and more than 750 posters in 7 poster sessions. We also consider ourselves lucky that we could win Nava Rubin and Shin’ya Nishida for inspiring Perception and Rank Prize lectures, respectively. In addition, we used the opportunity to create a new format that we hope will catch on in the years to come — the Keynote Dialogue, in which two speakers present their opposing views on a fundamental question in vision science. This year, we enjoyed a stimulating and entertaining session in which Brian Scholl and Merav Ahissar discussed the question “Does cognition penetrate perception?
The main purpose of the article is to codify the theoretical resources of the sociology of everyday life. The author focuses on the two research programmes of the contemporary sociology of everyday world: the frame theory and the practice theory. The author reveals basic conceptualizations of practice-orientated sociology and frame-analysis, their constructive features; analyses their inherent axiomatics and logics, trying to find their theoretical implications for the sociology of everyday life in particular and the sociological theory in the whole. The method of codification used by the author - description, distinguishing constitutive features of the basic conceptualizations, reconstructing the logic and pointing to the theoretical implications - is also the object of critical reflection in this article.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables