Анализ нормативного подушевого финансирования общего образования в субъектах Российской Федерации
Monitoring principles of normative per pupil financing of education in the regions of Russia Abstract. This book presents the results of monitoring regional and municipal normative legal acts establishing the methodology and size of budget per pupil funds for general and pre-school education. It also includes examples of "best practices" in implementation of federal requirements for normative-per pupil funds. The assessment of "fair" funds of general and pre-school education was given in this book using actual data of 2016 year. These "fair" funds were compared with size of budget per pupil funds established by the regional and municipal government authorities.
The article analyzes the resource potential that ensures the integration of education and culture to form the modern competencies of the younger generation. Based on a study of the volumes and dynamics of financial flows directed to additional education, both from budgetary and non-budgetary sources, trends of growth in the share of paid services are revealed while maintaining the volume of budget aryfunding. At the same time, the possibilities of increasing the participation of families in co-financing this sector are almost exhausted. The authors substantiate the findings that, in a resource-limited environment, the integration of education and culture improves the quality and diversity of additional education. The article summarizes the best practices of cooperation between cultural organizations and schools.
The issue analyzes the resource potential that ensures the integration of additional education, sports and culture to form the modern competencies of the younger generation. Based on a study of the volumes and dynamics of financial flows directed to additional education, both from budgetary and non-budgetary sources, trends of growth in the share of paid services are revealed while maintaining the volume of budget aryfunding. At the same time, the possibilities of increasing the participation of families in co-financing this sector are almost exhausted. The authors substantiate the conclusions that in the context of resource constraints, the integration of education, sports and culture improves the quality and diversity of additional education, the results of testing of personalized mechanisms are given funding for additional education in Russia’s regions.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.