Культы, религии, традиции в Китае
The collection of papers includes the articles, which examine some of the most actual problems of the modern Chinese studies. Among these problems are the connections between our two contries in the period, when the Chinese Communist Party came to power, and on the modern stage, the problems of formation and development of Chinese "global cities", the development of the law in the PRC, the history of the Guomindang, history and modern condition of the Chinese armed forces.
The chapter is devoted to the development of relations of the PRC with the countries of the European Union in 2017 - 2018.
The ninth volume of the "History of China from ancient times to the beginning of the XXI century" is devoted to the latest period of China's history from the end of the "cultural revolution" to the 60th anniversary of the people's Republic of China. For the first time in the domestic scientific literature presents a comprehensive study of the history of China during the reform period, covering domestic politics, law, government, economy, international relations and culture. The sections of the volume consider in detail the evolution of the ideology of the CPC, the formation of an economic course to build a socialist commodity and then a market economy, the creation of new political mechanisms, the issues of party building, China's relations with the world's leading powers. Separate sections are devoted to the state of religions, the development of culture, science and sports, the 2008 Olympics in Beijing. It includes biographical references of prominent political figures of the CPC and China, chronicle of events (1976 – 2009), index of names and selected bibliography. The book is intended for Orientalists, students and graduate students studying the problems of China and East Asia, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the history of China.
Due to commercial difficulties happened in the beginning of the 21st century China was not particularly interested in rapprochement with Mexico, preferring other Latin American countries. For the last years Mexican-Chinese relations are developping. Donald Trump's presidency, characterized by the absence of a long-term Latin American policy, as well as the gradual curtailment of Washington's presence in the region, led to the intensification of cooperation between Beijing and Mexico City. This provides China with opportunity to bridge the gap appeared after deterioration of U.S.-Mexico relations, without looking back at past failures.
The story of a powerful Chinese family of the late 19th - early 20th centuries began from Charles Soong. He was one of the first Chinese who had an opportunity to receive education abroad and achieved success in business. Having lived in the United States for about 10 years as an emigrant from China (huaqiao) and taken up the Western mentality, Ch. Soong always remained faithful to his homeland. For this reason, he tried to ensure that his children, who studied at the best universities in the United States, would return to China. The members of the Soong family played a leading role in the economic and political history of China: his son, Soong Tse-ven, was a successful businessman and held the most important public positions; his three daughters - Ai-ling, Ching-ling, and Mei-ling - became the most influential women in China. Ch. Soong strived to unite the East and the West. His biography is of interest for studying the role of large families and clans in the political, economic, and cultural life of China during the 19th and 20th centuries.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.