Культы, религии, традиции в Китае
The chapter is devoted to the development of relations of the PRC with the countries of the European Union in 2017 - 2018.
Fast-paced urban growth in China has produced a specific, transient form of urban periphery, which continuously shifts outwards as the city expands. Seeing this process as a distinctive type of (sub)urbanization, this paper encapsulates it under the notion of edge-urbanization. The paper argues that edge-urbanization in China is fueled by deliberate government policies, which seek to mobilize peripheral land for high-growth strategies. The relationships between urban expansions and spatial economic policy are analyzed more closely in the case of Tianjin. Geospatial analysis derived from satellite imagery for the period of 1980–2015 reveals the morphological and temporal dynamics of urban growth in the post-reform era. Built-up land in Tianjin has expanded 1.8 times during this period, with the dominant growth type being edge-expansion. This character of urban expansion is shown to be closely associated with government’s “project fever”—setting up development zones and new economic activity on city edge. The results demonstrate a decisive role of the state in shaping (edge) urbanization in China’s major cities.
The author analysis he results of the first half of D. Trump's presidential term, including the domestic economic sphere, trade policy, foreign policy, as well as the specific style of the President in team building. Over the first two years, Trump has improved a number of economic indicators of the country, but positive trends are unlikely to be long. The author critically assesses Trump's attempts to establish a" new economic order "in the World with his slogan"America first". The protectionist policy of the new President led to a serious aggravation of trade and economic relations not only with China, but also with traditional Western partners of the US. The new head of the White house completely departed from policy principles pursued by his predecessors since the 1930s, which seriously affected relations with Europe, in relations with which he is trying to move to a bilateral basis. Referring to surveys in various countries, the author points out that the authority of US policy under D.Trump has decreased despite his statements to the contrary. As for the prospects of re-election of the current President, the chances of Trump are still small, because he was unable to expand the coalition supporting him.
This information-analytical publication highlights the PRC current development - the changes in its domestic and foreign policy and in socio-economic development, including legislation, party building, demographic policy as well as the economic achievements, pressing problems and challenges facing the PRC today. The articles of the collective monograph, reflecting the materials of the CCP 19th Congress (October 2017) and the sessions of the National People's Congress, including the most recent one (March 2018), discover the content of the new ideas, which will guide China in its further development, such as “The Great Revival of the Chinese Nation” and “The Community of the Shared Destiny of Mankind”, and specify the provisions of the “One Belt, One Road” initiative.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.