XVI Апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества: в 4 кн.
This report addresses questions concerning the Russian nationalist movement transformations (including crisis) which were generated by the Ukrainian Maidan revolution in 2013-14 and its political and cultural consequences. These transformations are considered in light of changes in Russian domestic politics. The report provides illustrations of the nationalist organization’s tactics regarding the events; the tactics are divided into the 5 types. The information concerning these processes was gained by means of combining qualitative and quantitative methods (content analyses, semi-formalized interview and clustering). This combination is necessary because of the problems with exploring nationalist organizations; these problems are considered in the report.
Almost all modern autocracies hold elections, and most hold multiparty elections. The prevalence of electoral authoritarian regimes has led an increasing number of scholars to study them. However, one topic that has received less attention is subnational elections. Subnational officials play a central role in the governance of authoritarian regimes. Regime leaders rely on local officials to maintain political stability, implement policy, and gather information about the provinces. Many of the world’s electoral authoritarian regimes hold elections to fill subnational offices,2 and several of the world’s most prominent single-party regimes – e.g., China and Vietnam – have recently begun experimenting with semi-competitive local elections. The decision to hold subnational elections has significant consequences in autocracies. They may directly affect the prospects for democratization, as when opposition parties use subnational elections as staging areas from which to mount broader challenges. Alternatively, autocrats may use subnational elections to improve their information gathering capacity and entrap voters in state-dependent,clientelist relations. Subnational elections may also affect government responsiveness and the quality of officials that are selected. Yet in spite of their importance, there are few studies that attempt to explain why subnational elections are held in some settings, but not in others. This paper helps fill that gap.
In recent years, developed countries are increasingly debating about ethical consumption as a civil society's counteraction to the unsavory business practice expansion causing significant damage to the environment, animals and people. The ethical consumer practices are also gradually beginning to penetrate into developing countries with weak civil societies. The article presents the results of the first representative study of ethical consumption in Russia as an innovative civil society practice. It is shown that different types of civic engagement outside the ethical consumption play an important but not the key role. It is concluded that the development of ethical consumption can be a catalyst for the development of civil society in Russia.
Analytical communities for the goal of this paper can be defined as loosely united clusters of professionals doing joint or related work in policy analysis, research and development, who frequently work together on common analytical goals and clients, while not necessarily form a special organizational structure which differ them from think tank. Examples of analytical communities could be university research departments, regular authors of one analytical journal, members of certain intellectual clubs, or regularly meeting informal research groups, including individual intellectuals working together on the regular basis. The goal of this paper is to show an important connection between regional and local analytical communities and local administrations of the Russian regions to specify a unique role the analytical communities can play in strategic planning, providing local administrations both with data, ideas, solutions, and scenarios of social developments, which local authorities are interested to get the answers to.
The article is devoted to the newest history of attempts to create the new model of public administration more corresponding to mofern criterium of effectiveness, public needs and expectations. It is grounded mainly at the analysis of materials on USA. However, the basic presuppositions and conclusions are, by the authors' opinion, the contribution in modern theory of state.
This work is based upon the critical discourse studies [Van Dijk 2008] and analyses the corpus of programs by candidates for mayor officially published during the latest electoral campaign in Moscow. The topic is important for modern sociolinguistics as well as political linguistics because the analysis of this segment of political discourse vividly shows the models of tackling the hard issue of immigration which became one of the central disputable points during that campaign. The corpus of electoral programs shows the official position of the candidates worked out by spin doctors and other consultants. They represent well-thought theses rather than spontaneuos speech, that is why it is important to analyze how immigration topic is described consciously, in written speech.
The age of new media that started in the late 1990s has problematized the integrity of personal identity. In this process, three factors are at play: 1. the condition of "late modern" western modernity that affects all social relations and implies individualization and "liquid" identities (Z.Bauman); 2. the development of new media as a burgeoning sphere, generating new ways of self-realization and "the search for oneself" online; and 3. the "human - interface" type of interaction in the new media, where the other to whom the person communicates could be not only another human being but also a computer. The main goal of this paper is to reveal the specific features of constructing the Self within the everyday use of new media, in particular blogs and multiplayer online games.
Differences between the conventional physical markets and e-commerce call into question the validity of established models which are used for e-commerce. Investigating marketing in the emerging markets using the example of Russia can broaden the view of marketing. The internet audience in Russia is 66.5 million people and the Russian market has the largest online audience in Europe.However there is little research on e-commerce market development in Russia. The main objective of this paper is to analyze the barriers and drivers for e-commerce market development in Russia. This paper gives an overview of the current Russian internet market development and trends. To identify the obstacles to and opportunities for the Russian e-commerce market, 30 in-depth interviews with representatives of Russian internet businesses were conducted.
Nowadays the most significant challenges in people management for companies are to attract, develop and retain people that companies treat as talents. These challenges become complex in an unstable economy and uncertain situations for businesses. Talent management practices were originated in the early 1990s in the USA. Talent management strategies in companies of developed countries are described by some authors as a mature approach, a new paradigm in people management. The paper aims to consider theoretical approaches to talent management studies, to bring out several disputable moments of theoretical constructs in this field, to understand discrepancies and gaps in the extant studies In order to achieve these goals the analysis of the recent academic literature in the field is conducted, the main constructs of talent management are observed, definitions of talent are discussed, and basis vectors of the talent in business is suggested. Talent management is analyzed from two main points of view, elicited from the set of literature: talent management as a system and as a strategy, some inconsistencies and omissions are mentioned. Then several main tensions in talent management approaches are noted.
This article gives a brief review of the history of data journalism, as well as the prerequisites for its appearance. The authors describe the advantages of employing data-journalism skills in the newsrooms. Finally, the article provides a review of data-driven journalism projects all over the world, state of art 2014.
At calculation of the power indices, both well-known (Banzhaf, Shapley-Shubik and others and new (depending on the agent preferences) indices, one generally has to enumerate almost all coalitions, that is, the subsets of the set of players, which makes calculations impossible if the number of players exceeds fifty. Yet, if all players have an integer number of votes, there are players with the same number of votes, many coalitions have equal total number of votes or the sum of votes of all players is small, then the algorithms based on calculations using the generating functions become efficient. But these algorithms works only for classical power indices and some particular types of the power indices based on agents’ preferences. In this paper we consider an important specific case when all players have the same number of votes. For classical power indices in this case all players have the same power. However, it is not the case for the indices which allow preferences of agents. We introduce effective algorithms for calculation of the latter indices for most types of these indices.