Синергия в природе и обществе
The boor develops a new approach to the study of social reality in its denamics based on the revealing of connections between social and anthropological phenomena. The fundament of the approach is synergic anthropology, in the frame work of which the apparatus for the description and analysis or the "colonization" of the interface of the Social and the Anthropological is constructed. A new class of concepts is introduced, the categories of the interface, the examples of which are anthropological situation, anthropological trend, spiritual tradition etc. Anthropological trends serve as the main tool are developed, the diagnostics (the identification of anthropological formation(s), which generate trend in question) and the control (the stimulation of a trend, the blocking of it etc.). The framework is then applied to analysis of the most topical modern problems such as global risks, ecological crisis, the grwth of the virtualization of reality, the problem of the Post-human etc. Special attention is paid to the "Exit trend", which is how we call the overall anthropological trend collecting all manifestations and tendencies of the specific tiredness of the Human and his/her drive to a self-withdrawal. Using our methods of the control of trends, it is possible to formulate strategies for changing and correcting anthroposocial situation. We find that two phenomena play important role in these strategies, the transition of modernity into the postsecular paradigm, and the return of the Onthological Human, the fnthropological formation constituted in religious expirience and forced out by the po\rocesses of secularization. In the conceptual context of modern social philosophy the approach uniting social and anthropological reality in a new light, and provides new principles for determining our attitudes and strategies towards leading trends of modernity.
This multi-author monograph has been compiled at the Department of Foreign Languages, Linguistics and Interpretation of Perm National Research Polytechnic University based on the research into modern translation discourse as an anthropocentric and textocentric phenomenon. The scientific inquiry is focused on exploration into the interpretaion process pattern as a synergetic system of interpreting senses of languages and cultures, interacting in the translation space, where the category of harmony is its axiological vector.
The monograph is aimed at students, post-graduates, doctoral students, and those specialized in translation studies, comparative linguistics, language education, and intercultural communication.
The innovation capacity of a system can be measured as the synergy in interactions among its parts. Synergy can be considered as a consequence of negative entropies among three parts of the system. We analyze the development of synergy value in the Norwegian innovation system in terms of mutual information among geographical, sectorial, and size distributions of firms. We use three different techniques for the evaluation of the evolution of synergy over time: rescaled range analysis, DFT, and geographical synergy decomposition. The data was provided by Statistics Norway for all Norwegian firms registered in the database between 2002 and 2014. The results suggest that the synergy at the level of both the country and its seven regions show non-chaotic oscillatory behavior which resonates in a set of natural frequencies. The finding of a set of frequencies implies a complex Triple-Helix structure, composed of many elementary triple helices, which can be theorized in terms of a fractal TH manifold.
In the present paper we analyze what an effect may have international collaboration on regional markets. We compare two Norwegian counties with very different profiles in terms of how international or regional cooperation affect the synergy generated among the geographical, technological, and organizational distributions of firms. This synergy is much larger in the rural region with international industry than in the region with a strong knowledge infrastructure. International firms can take the role of knowledge brokers in lagging regions with weak knowledge institutions. The methodological contribution of this study is that we translate the synergy (abstractly measured in bits of information) into more familiar economic terms, such as turnover for the special case of domestic-foreign collaborations. The analysis is based on Norwegian data, as Norway is a small country with an open and export-oriented economy. Data for Norway is publicly available in great detail. The triple helix synergy caused by firms with foreign ownership is a new indicator of the international contribution to the efficiency of the innovation system in a region. The indicator can also be interpreted as a measure of the attractiveness of regional industries to international corporations which entails the perspective for international technology transfer and the access of regional industry products to global markets.
This article aims to develop econometric model suitable for valuation of synergies in Russian domestic M&A deals. The authors test several empirical hypotheses about factors of synergy creation in 2006–2014. The article looks into various ways to estimate synergies based on financial statements of companies that participated in the deal. Success rate of deals and synergy structure is estimated for the whole sample and for growth and crisis periods. Most important factors of synergy are estimated, and robustness of these factors during growth and crisis periods is analyzed.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.