Человек перед выбором в современном мире: проблемы, возможности, решения. Материалы Всероссийской научной конференции 27–28 октября 2015 года, ИФ РАН
Nowadays more modern researchers of the history of Russian philosophy appeal to Konstantin Leontiev’s ideas. In current cultural situation when Russia again faces with necessity to choose future historical direction, rethinking of the views of the largest Russian thinkers becomes essential issue. No doubts Konstantin Leontiev belongs to the galaxy of Russian philosophers. His ideas have largely influenced on subsequent Russian religious-philosophical thought, almost all Russian renaissance’s representatives of the first half of the XX century have referred to his works.
According to hedonic pricing theory (HPT) market forces operate on individual characteristics of a good, and the price of a product is the aggregate of the price across those characteristics. The relationship between price and characteristics remains poorly understood because characteristic qualities are hard to quantify, people have varying levels of information about characteristics, and people have heterogeneous preferences over characteristics. By analyzing data from a large, market-driven virtual world we are able to test HPT, while largely avoiding these pitfalls. We find that a linear model with functional characteristics predicts the prices poorly, but a log-linear model performs quite well. Adding social characteristics to this log-linear model improves the predictions substantially. This work strongly supports HPT and demonstrates a “rational” calculus including social value.
The end of socialism in the Soviet Union and its satellite states ushered in a new era of choice. Yet the idea that people are really free to live as they choose turns out to be problematic. Personal choice is limited by a range of factors such as a person’s economic situation, class, age, government policies and social expectations, especially regarding gender roles. Furthermore, the notion of free choice is a crucial feature of capitalist ideology, and can be manipulated in the interests of the market. This edited collection explores the complexity of choice in Russia and Ukraine. The contributors explore how the new choices available to people after the collapse of the Soviet Union have interacted with and influenced gender identities and gender, and how choice has become one of the driving forces of class-formation in countries which were, in the Soviet era, supposedly classless.
The book will of interest to students and scholars across a range of subjects including gender and sexualities studies, history, sociology and political science.
The study is devoted to the analysis of differences between choices of high (HQ) and low (LQ) quality. Differences in the subjective perception of HQ and LQ choices are related to the degree of elaboration, emotional valence, and choice satisfaction; they are associated both with situational factors (order effect of described situations) and personality variables (satisfaction with life, etc.). Choice should not be investigated “in general”, regardless of its subjective quality.
In the current study we aimed to investigate differences in the subjective experience of various “high”-quality choices made in real life situations. We compared the contents of "good", "happy", "successful", "right" and "genuine" choices.
The article is based on the introductory part of the collection on “Material Culture and Technology in Everyday Life: Ethnographic Approaches” (2009). The author presents a brief review of concepts that have been lately employed in research on material or technological culture. He attempts to show that different disciplines do in fact use adjacent notions and concepts in thinking about materiality, and tries to delineate ways of bringing the different research traditions to a unified platform that could serve as a theoretical foundation for the complex materialistic study of technological culture.
The issues of choice in traditional psychology exists with the topics of planning and decision making. on influencing of existential psychology the issue of choice becomes connected with personal responsibility and taking on uncertainty, which are closely connected to the personal potential of the subject.
Material and methods. 122 patients had been scheduled for elective lumbar fusion in 2010-2016 was enrolled in a prospective study. Group K (n=19) underwent postoperative analgesia on-demand. Group PMA (n=21) was given preventive multimodal analgesia (PMA) including ketoprofen, paracetamol and morphine. At PMA+PG (n=20) and PMA+N (n=20) groups pregabalin and nefopam were used respectively; at PMA+E (n=22) epidural ropivacaine with morphine was combined; at PMA+I (n=20) continuous wound infiltration by ropivacaine with ketorolac was administered. Results and conclusions. Postoperative analgesia on-demand is not adequate during 5 postoperative days. PMA results in significant pain reduction during 3 postoperative days, enhancement of patient satisfaction, quicker recovery after surgery and fewer days of hospital stay. Patients receiving pregabalin or nefopam as well as epidural analgesia does not lead to better postoperative pain relief than at PMA, but shows a trend to increase the rate of adverse reactions. Wound infiltration with PMA is followed by significant pain relief during 6 postoperative hours, decrease in opioids consumption, rate of adverse reactions and duration of hospital stay (compared to PMA group).
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.