The Holocaust in the East: Local Perpetrators and Soviet Responses
Preface: “The Holocaust as a Part of Soviet History”
In 1937 Fedor Modorov `painted a portrait of he Spanish teacher Abilia Peraita Gómez. The paper offers a documental basd biography of the portait's main character who came to the Soviet Union as a member of the Spanish delegation for the 1st May celebrations in 1937. A tragic fate was reserved for her after homecoming: Republicans' defeat in the Spanish Civil War; exile; separation from her family; concentration camp in France; Second World War and the French Resistance.
Debate on the exhibit Great Patriotic War and Holocaust at the Moscow Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center.
The publication includes an autobiography, a diary and letters from a young man from a former Pale of Settlement. Boris Tanis was born in 1923 into a Jewish family in Western Ukraine. After the partition of Poland, he took Soviet citizenship and, as a soldier of the Red Army, went through World War II. Boris Tanis’ diary, written in the wake of his return home to the Rivne region in 1945–1946, reflects the thoughts and feelings of a Soviet soldier who lost his family during the Holocaust. Having enthusiastically adopted the ideals of the Soviet regime, after the end of the war Boris Tanis goes to Central Asia, where he manages to make a career as an official in the construction sector. Published ego-documents may be of interest to historians of the Second World War, researchers of Jewish and Soviet history, and specialists in the history of emotions. Documents are provided with an introduction and comments.
A major contribution to the growing literature on Soviet nationality policy. David Brandenberger frames his study with a large and important question: the generation of a Russian/Soviet national identity during the Stalinist years. He tells the important story of the production of a more nationalist world view and how it was received, moving from elites to the masses. Focusing on history and historians, Brandenberger links historiography with nation-making and state building. This work should be widely read, not least because it clearly and eloquently illuminates the painful process of forging national identity. (Ronald Grigor Suny, University of Chicago) Brandenberger alters our understanding of how Soviet culture was created and how it held Soviet society together. Perhaps the greatest strength of the book is the foundation of documents on which it rests. Clearly the result of years of gathering, these documents show us Stalinism as received, as a set of social practices and discourses in constant revision and misuse. National Bolshevism illuminates broader debates about the functioning of Soviet society, the origins of national consciousness, and the formation of the subject with the modern state, and will be a widely read contribution to the field. (James von Geldern, Macalester College)
The paper explores a symbolic appropriation of Saimaa Canal by Soviet media after it became part of the USSR in the 1940s.