Оценка социально-экономического эффекта публикации открытых данных: на примере общественного транспорта города Москвы
This paper describes the experience of using open datasets in “Programming” course for the first-year undergraduates in Software engineering. The course is designed according to a combined approach. It contains the features of problem based learning and formative assessment. We describe and give examples of open datasets using in training and assessment task development. We also present the problems of open data application to educational process and possible ways of their solving.
The main task of the economy modernizing is to improve its competitiveness and sustainability is the creation of the corresponding infrastructure. The solution of this problem is possible only through the joint efforts of state and private business. In this article, based on an analysis of managing infrastructure projects’ experience common and specific factors that affect the transport infrastructure project management are revealed, the principles of public-private partnership (PPP) as the format of such projects are systematized and developed; the ways of improvement of the organizational economic mechanism of rail PPPs management (life cycle contract) are offered.
The tutorial describes the specific features of transport as an object of management, main characteristics of transport systems, principles of organisation and regulation of transport activities, main terms and definitions related to freight an cargo flows. Described are the basic calculation methods necessary to calculate the number of vehicles and their parameters.
DepCoS – RELCOMEX is an annual series of conferences organized by Wrocław University of Technology to promote a comprehensive approach to evaluation of system performability which is now commonly called dependability. In contrast to classic analyses which were concentrated on reliability of technical resources and structures built from them, dependability is based on multi-disciplinary approach to theory, technology, and maintenance of a system considered to be a multifaceted amalgamation of technical, information, organization, software and human (users, administrators, supervisors, etc.) resources. Diversity of processes being realized (data processing, system management, system monitoring, etc.), their concurrency and their reliance on in-system intelligence often severely impedes construction of strict mathematical models and calls for application of intelligent and soft computing methods.
This book presents the proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Dependability and Complex Systems DepCoS-RELCOMEX, which took place in Brunów Palace, Poland, from 30th June to 4th July, 2014. The articles selected for this volume illustrate the variety of topics that must be included in system dependability analysis: tools, methodologies and standards for modelling, design and simulation of the systems, security and confidentiality in information processing, specific issues of heterogeneous, today often wireless, computer networks, or management of transportation networks.
The 6th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, ICEGOV2012, was organized in Albany, New York, United States (US) from the 22nd to the 25th of October 2012, hosted by the Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, State University of New York under the patronage of the United States National Archives and Record Administration. The ICEGOV (International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance) series focuses on the use of technology to transform relationships between government and citizens, businesses, civil society and other arms of government (Electronic Governance).
The present paper is devoted to a study of the legal regulation of the relations in the gas industry of China and Brazil. In the first instance the author represents the overall survey of the state of the gas industry in these countries and perspectives of its development. The research is accented on the legal sources of regulation in that domain and the role of the international law. In the article the detailed analysis is made on legal regulation of activities of exploration, production of natural gas, on its transportation, distribution, commercialization, import-export activity in Brazil and in China. In conclusion the author resumes the results of the comparative legal analysis, estimating the models of regulation, pointing out their weaknesses and possible treatment for its correction.
The article proposes a definition and empirical grounds of social enterprise fit for identify and clarify social effect of such businesses. Based on the study of 15 companies, operating mainly in small and medium towns of Russia, analyzes the performance of managers, for the development and creation of new rules and practices that are significant for the achievement not only production, but also for social purposes. The proposed typology of social enterprises that differ in their socio-cultural projects, and describes the forms of existence of such projects.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.