Traced the formation and transformation of disciplinary status of the source study. Discovered the meaning of basic concepts of source study: a historical source, the system of types of historical sources, the empirical reality of the historical world. Considered the problem of the classification of historical sources.
Analyzed the specific structure of the sources of the Russian history of XVIII – early XX century. Described the features of the complex of historical sources of the modern period.
Comparative source study considered as a method of comparative-historical research, based on theoretical understanding of the basic classification unit of source study – types of historical sources as representations of the forms of social human activities, the totality of which represents the culture system.
Analyzed the methods of the formation of the source basis in historical research.
Analyzed the procedure of source research, described the logic procedures for source analysis and synthesis.
Substantiate d a radically new structure of source studies as a scientific discipline, as a method of historical research, as the tools of the historian. Stated the position of considering the source study of the position change of types of rationality / models of science.