ТЕОРИЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИИ. Учебник для академического бакалавриата
Organization studies suggest a variety of approaches to organizational change. The majority of them considers change as a transition between various stances of an entity in two periods of time. In contrast, a processual approach views change as a process that literally predates and enables existence of the organization. This perspective provides a researcher with more fruitful data of interconnections between macro-level innovations and their implementations in employee micro-practices. Based on empirical data collected with organizational ethnography at FSUE “Russian Post” I illustrate how different by speed and content were simultaneous changes in the institutional context and daily work of the post offices. An introduction of IP-telephony and installation of Internet access points show that attempts to distinguish clear stages of change rather characterize organization as dysfunctional and irrational. At the same time, a processual lens overcomes these theoretical limitations.
In recent decades the study of organizations has become an important research task. It was formed as an independent scientific domain of the theory of organization. In this paper the authors managed to draw a parallel between the system approach and the theory of organization and examine the features of the methodology of the system approach to the study of organizations.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management