География. Экономическая и социальная география мира. 10–11 классы: учебник для общеобразовательных учреждений (базовый и углубленный уровень). В 2 ч.
The collection is devoted to the centenary of the birth of outstanding Russian (Soviet) geographer Sergey Aleksandrovich Kovalev. For nearly 20 years he headed the Editorial Board of the «Problems of Geography» series. S.A. Kovalev is one of the founders of modern Russian geography of population, a pioneer of the service sector geographical studies and complex geographical research of rural areas, the founder of a scientific school in the field of rural settlement and social geography.
The collection includes articles on various issues of the geography of population and social geography. It begins with the memories about S.A. Kovalev. His unpublished works are also included in the book.
The paper examines the origins of kraevedenie (local studies), as a distinctive form of public mobilization for regional studies in the early 1920s, and traces its links to the conceptual shift in Russian geography as an academic discipline, which defined itself as a science concerned with the spatial characteristics of natural regions. The paper focuses on the first conference for regional studies (1921) and analyzes the visions of regional studies, as they were offered by the key figures who defined these studies in the 1920s, particularly in the earlier years of the decade – Vladimir Bogdanov and his colleagues from the school of geography at Moscow University, Alexander Fersman, Veniamin Semenov-Tyan-Shansky, and others. The author argues for a further need to examine the connections between new forms of public science, a conceptual shift in geography and related disciplines, and debates about the principles of administrative-territorial organization of the Soviet state, which were directly related to the making of the Soviet Union in the 1920s.
Police government is not a name for a certain thing known as a "state", it is rather a means for ordering social events. Russia is ofte decribed as a police state but the state is misunderstood as a kind of fortress. In fact, a multiplicity of different events are happening here at one and the same time, and police is only partially successful on establishing peace and security. The main problem of policing is that it does not guarantee solidarity and that new solidarities emerge that are confronting the old order.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.