Proceedings of the 2013 IFAC Conference on Manufacturing, Modelling, Management, and Control (IFAC MIM 2013)
Cloud-based technologies proliferated in the past few years, while the manufacturing industry moved towards digitization and network. Therefore, cloud-based technologies have been adopted in the development of new generation manufacturing systems which orchestrate different activities, including product design, process and task planning, production, customer service, etc. These new cloud-ingrained technologies have the potential to change the collaboration of product development partners, the processing and sharing of information as well as utilization rates of critical equipment. Cloud-based technologies affect many aspects of manufacturing activities, and they therefore have the power to enable new or change existing business models of the manufacturing industry. Based on the literature review, this paper analyzes the latest requirements, challenges, and trends of the manufacturing industry. It structures the findings in the coherent manner and further hypothesizes how cloud computing may address identified requirements and challenges as well as realize or support new concepts in manufacturing.
Over the course of the study, the ratings of Russia’s regions were constructed according to the level of development of two categories of enterprises in the manufacturing sector: (a) small and (b) medium. This allowed for the identification of typological groups of regions that differed in their degree of balanced development of the manufacturing enterprises’ analysed categories. The features of the obtained regional segments, in relation to the direction (profile) and the level of economic development, are revealed in this study. It seems promising to build ratings of regions on the developmental levels of different size groups of manufacturing enterprises on a regular basis. This approach allows for the identification of changes to the positions of the Russian Federation’s subjects, the definition of the most successful regions, along with the dynamic nature of the development of manufacturing SMEs, as well as problem regions. Comparison of the composition of selected typological groups of regions in the dynamics is aimed at revealing structural changes that are taking place in a timely manner. The results of this analysis contribute to the development of measures that may further support manufacturing SMEs and may be adapted to regional characteristics, as well as identify effective forms of interaction between different enterprise categories in Russia’s manufacturing sector.
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are one of the key factors for fundamental changes in industries. Along with the positively assessed impact of ICTs on labour productivity’s growth, there are concerns about possible industrial unemployment. The analysis of the relationship between ICTs, labour productivity and employment in inter-sectoral comparison in Russia shows heterogeneous effects depending on particular industries. Despite the substantial spread of ICTs in recent years, the findings indicate that their influence on labour productivity and employment is characterized rather by gradual changes and sustainability in certain industries.
The paper implements an integrated approach to assessing innovative activity of small manufacturing enterprises focusing on technological innovations. The analyzed indicators are combined into three groups which characterize the results of the small manufacturing enterprises innovative activity, their resources and the conditions for innovations implementation correspondingly. Much attention is paid to in-ternational comparisons of small enterprises innovative activity in Russia and the EU countries. Besides, a comparative analysis of domestic small, medium-sized and large manufacturing enterprises innovative ac-tivity has been carried out. The results indicate a relatively low realized potential of the small manufacturing entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere, the sustainability of challenges and barriers to its development which hinder the innovative activity growth and the spread of digital technologies in the business sector. Measures to reduce the existing technological lag of domestic small manufacturing enterprises as well as to improve the availability of modern digital technologies are presented.
International Scientific Conference "Digital Transformation on Manufacturing, Infrastructure and Service" 21–22 November 2018, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
In the paper, there is the relationship between internal competitiveness factors and the perception of Russian SMEs’ level of competitiveness pressures examined, based on a secondary analysis of the RuFIGE (Russian Enterprises in global economy) survey data obtained in 2014 by 1,677 Russian industrial small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It comes out that neither the high technological level, nor the introduction of the CRM system, nor the availability of external financing are sufficient for Russian manufacturing SMEs to feel competitive on the global market. From the other side, those manufacturing SMEs whose main competitors are domestic enterprises, do count neither the technological level nor the presence of a CRM system to be necessary factors of competitiveness. Further, there are different «weight categories» among Russian manufacturing SMEs. SME owners, who work only in local markets, are immune to competition from large foreign companies and consider Russian firms similar to their own as main competitors. Those who work on the whole Russian market feel a high competitive pressure from foreign manufacturers.
Industrial design as a driver for innovation is increasingly attracting attention throughout different disciplines. In order to switch from the oil-led development model to an innovation-driven economy, Russia attempts to strengthen its manufacturing industry through support policies for engineering and industrial design capabilities. The programme ‘Development of engineering activities and industrial design in Russia’ is part of the larger initiative for advancing manufacturing and raising its competitiveness which started in 2014. The paper builds on very recent data and interviews with key companies to study the effectiveness of these policies. We point out a series of structural weaknesses of industrial design in Russia in general and find that the industrial design policy in Russia largely remains non-systemic and fragmented.
We provide a comparative analysis of changes in socio-economic indicators of Russian cities classified as single-industry ones, with those that do not have such status. We show that real wages in monotowns are higher than in non-monotowns.Using data on the locational pattern of all the Russian manufacturing plants, we show that industrial structure of most monotowns is, in fact, highly diversified.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables