Научные экспедиции РГНФ
The book describes field research (archaeological anthropological, etc.) conducted in different years with financial support of the Russian Humanitairan Foundation.
Information about field research in Rwanda, conducted by a group of anthropologists led by the author, in 2009.
Information about field research conducted by a group of anthropologists led by the author in the USA in 2013.
Information in the SGEM 2017 Conference Proceedings is subject to change without notice. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express written permission of the International Scientific Council of SGEM.
The article discusses the scholarship, methods, and theoretical approaches that have been involved in the interdisciplinary field of Science and Technology Studies from the early 1980s through the early 2000s. It traces the changes in methodological orientations and examines the specificities of ethnographic fieldwork in the STS area, as well as suggests the criteria for evaluating the outcome of research and offers ways of its advancement.
The book is the collection of papers on history, archaeology and art critics of North-West Russia and Baltic area.
The article describes some crucial moments of flight attendant job routin. The auther describes his experience of being flight attendant of one of the biggest and multicultural airlines – Emirates Airlines. Мобильность, профессия бортпроводника, авиация, этнография Mobility, Flight-attendant, Aviation, Ethnography
Ethnographic conceptualism (EC) is conceptual art conducted as ethnography and, conversely, ethnography conducted as conceptual art. EC originated in anthropological exhibition practices in Russia and echoes Moscow conceptualism's critical engagement with the ideology and aesthetics of state socialism. In contrast to ethnography as participant observation of what exists, EC explicitly constructs reality that it studies. EC's artistic aim is to remediate anthropological concepts, such as those of power, gift, relatedness, materiality, while its anthropological aim is to advance this discipline's methodology by using art projects as tools of ethnographic research and to contribute to performativity theory and symmetrical anthropology from this angle.
The book describes bricks stamped with Aramaic and/or figural impressions from Babylon of the sixth century B.C. The book under review is not only a catalogue of bricks with Aramaic impressions and figurative stamps. The authors analyze catalogued items from several viewpoints, among which the most important are the following: 1) paleography and the significance of these documents for the history of Aramaic writing; 2) interpretation of the images found on Neo-Babylonian bricks; 3) onomastics and its bearing on the ethno-linguistic situation in Babylon during several decades of the sixth century B.C. The book of B. Sass and J. Marzahn provides sufficient comparative material for the sixth century Aramaic writing to help solving problems of dating some Aramaic texts.
The processes of the growing societal complexity, emergence of new forms of social and political inequality, formation of pre-state or complex stateless polities belong to the most intriguing subjects of Anthropology and Social Philosophy.
Social Evolution & History has consistently published the research articles devoted to these issues. The chiefdom concept plays a special role within the theories that try to account for the transition from simple social systems to systems of greater complexity. Following its emergence in the 1950s this notion became an important heuristic means to advance Anthropology and Archaeology. It was also subjected to vigorous debates within which the participants denied the methodological significance of chiefdoms and the very notion of the chiefdom. These debates are becoming even more vigorous in connection with the rapid accumulation of information on ancient societies (see the dispute over chiefdoms between Timothy Pauketat and Robert Carneiro in 9.1). There is also much discrepancy in the definition of ‘chiefdom’ as some scholars consider it a standard phase of cultural evolution, a natural transition between the ‘Big Man’ society and the states of the ancient world.
This about barrier technologies in urban spaces.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.