Светодиодная индустрия: инновационные технологии, продукты, рынки. Дорожная карта
One of the most important issues for the world society in the XXI century is a task to provide pure water for citizens. As evidenced results of expert survey, made by the Higher School of Economics
significant part of water sources for drinking water in Russia doesn’t meet necessary requirements. And one of the most adequate solutions to meet this challenge is using the nanotechnologies in processes of water purification that can solve the set of problems such as polluted sources, obsolete equipment, increased risk of diseases etc. Roadmap “Applying Nanotechnology to Water Treatment” was launched by summarizing opinions of expert community participants both national and foreign regarding the most significant nanotechnologies and products made with their help which are used or can be used for water treatment and purification purposes. The aim of the research is to make special innovation routes R&D-technologies-products-markets that could be used by federal and regional authorities and Russian companies working in the field of water purification. The roadmap becomes the first largescale national foresight exercise in the area of nanotechnologies for water purification.
Industry 4.0 has altered as well as disrupted the business model of organizations around the world. The adoption however, has been slow in the various industries as a clear roadmap for the integration of the same lacks in project planning. This brief fills this gap as it examines the development of a Value Roadmap for different industries using Industry 4.0 as an enabler. Using the automotive, healthcare and telecommunication industries as case studies, the authors create the value roadmap using five factors: market drivers, product features, technology features, enablers and resources. This framework integrates both technology and market knowledge to support strategy development, innovation and operational processes in organizations.
The methods of calculating the particular and integral indicators of the applicability for the technological roadmap elements and their attributes. These indicators are applied to the automated tools for the foresight researches, the long-term scientific and technological forecasting, identifying innovative trajectories of the emerging domains evolution
On the Russian population opinion one of the most urgent ecology problems is the water pollution. By the data of Russian Federal Consumer Rights Protection and Human Health Control Service about 37% of the surface sources of centralized drinking water supply don`t meet sanitary norms and rules and 22% of Russian citizens do not have access to centralized water supply .
The study outlined three possible ways of overcoming above marked problems. The first method is based on the modern industrial-management scheme which is traditional for water provision in Russia. The second option suggests cleaning up sources of water intakes. The third way shows an option of varying treatment methods and technologies, depending on customer needs.
The Roadmap developed by Higher School of Economics and Rusnano indentified that nanotechnologies increase the efficiency and decrease energy consumption of traditional as well as innovation processes of water purification. In particular the perspective area of nanotechnology application is lies in the sphere of innovation sorbents and coagulants. Moreover nanotechnologies can also be used in baromembrane processes and membrane bioreactors.
Innovation technologies, processes and products implementation should be specific to individual regions and municipalities. This approach is based on the compliance of centralized and decentralized water supply, inlet and outlet water quality.
The Roadmap results are designed for the formation of government and regional policy on the pure water provision for population and industrial water treatment. Furthermore it indicates the most relevant business ideas and evaluates projects for nanotechnology and nanoproducts used in this field.
The paper represents methods of expert data collection, consolidation and evaluation for the purpose of development of knowledge bases. The methods assume processing the data with software tools. The data obtained are used for foresight studies, long-term forecasting and development of technology roadmaps (TRM). The technique provides users with the possibility to take various features of an expert into account, as well as to map expert data onto the field of interest of the TRM customer.
The paper presents methods and algorithms for identifying complex concepts relevant for the domain of technological foresight within text collections. An approach based on the so called “black box” principle and combination of statistical and linguistic methods is proposed.