Стратегия инновационного развития России как особой цивилизации в XXI веке: VI Всероссийская научная конференция «Сорокинские чтения – 2010»: Сборник тезисов
The article describes the basic stages of innovative development in Russia. It is proved that the intensification of the modern Russian economy is impossible without use of innovative methods, which should mainly be based on new solutions in the field of ecology and safety of human life. Is established, that the introduction of a technological platform «Technologies of ecological development» will contribute to the emergence of new environmentally technology, organizational forms of interaction between society, environment and enterprise, as well as the development of new, advanced forms of management.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.