CLIO-SCIENCE: Проблемы истории и междисциплинарного синтеза. Сборник научных трудов
The article is devoted to the problem of development and practical implementation of the large scale constitutional modernization program in the Great Britain. Central attention is paid to two of its aspects transfer of some powers from the center to the regional organs within the devolution program, as well as the reform of the House of Lords. The author analyzes a complex of various causes, which resulted in the need to correct a constitutional legal mechanism of the United Kingdom, he also provides the analysis of attitude of the key political parties, inner groups within such parties and movements to these changes. The author also studies the history of representation of the regions of the state in the higher chamber of the British Parliament, the changes which already took place and the perspectives and directions for the further modernization of the state government mechanism. The close connection and interdependence of the changes is being noted. The growing regionalization demands formation of the new type of relations with the central government, and it makes the problem of revision of principles of formation and powers of the higher chamber of the Parliament especially topical, it also requires correction of an election system. Ключевые слова: Великобритания, конституционные реформы, Палата лордов, деволюция, регионализация, национа- лизм, политическая борьба, консерваторы, лейбористы, представительство.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.