Знание школьниками Москвы собственных прав и способов их защиты. Краткое резюме исследования
The article deals with the provision of legal security of the child and the issues of determining the place of residence and the order of communication of parents with children. The conclusions made in the article are based on the law enforcement and judicial practice of Perm Krai
The article focuses on practice of the child's right to a family protection, and in particular of the application of “the best interests of the child” concept. The author analyses the international standards in the field on the example of the European Court of human rights case-law.
The article concerns one of the topical and still in a clear form unresolved family law issues on the use of corporal punishment by parents. It argues that corporal punishment, even in the mildest form, is violence against a child and harms the child’s mental health and moral development, and therefore should be explicitly prohibited in the law.
The main focus of this article is a correlation between the main provisions of the 1980 Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, to which Russian Federation acceded in 2011, and increasingly cited by the Russian courts Principle 6 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, under which a child of tender years shall not, save in exceptional circumstances, be separated from his mother.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.