Человек в российской повседневности
This is one of the first collections of materials devoted to the problems of everyday life - the life and death, childhood and old age, marriage and family, everyday life and leisure, value orientations of people etc. The collection includes papers of the scientific conference "Man in Russian everyday life: a historical perspective", held on 13 and 14 February 2001 at the Institute of Russian history, Russian Academy of Sciences
In the article the phenomenon of the hungry years considered in the context of the history of everyday life. In this case we are talking about the so-called "normal exceptions"that is very common in the Russian history of the situation, when in the conditions of emergency social norms and anomalies are reversed. One of the most vivid examples of such extreme situation is famine of 1921-1922, closely connected with the problem of adaptation (more precisely, survival) the mass of the population of Russia. The behavior of individuals and groups in the period of "Holodomor" you can understand, proceeding not only from the obvious vital motivation, but also of their mentality and life experience. The author concludes that hunger is not only weakened the viability of the survivors, but also dramatically changed the mentality and behavior of Russian citizens, especially the younger generation: a moral and social degradation, which was manifested in the rising crime, extortion and bribery.