Анализ глазодвигательных реакций как метод оценки нейродегенеративных процессов
This paper is aimed at applying and analyzing international active ageing indices in Russia, including the Active Ageing Index (AAI), developed by European Centre Vienna, and Global AgeWatch Index by HelpAge International, to provide the base for cross-national comparison and development of a comprehensive national policy on active ageing. Our research was motivated by the following questions (1) to what extent can the international approaches to measure active ageing be applied to the Russian context and data? (2) to what extent a country’s position in the ranking is sensitive to the index methodology and data used? (3) whether and under what conditions Russia can improve its positions in the active ageing indices? To answer these questions, we estimated the AAI for Russia based on eight data sources and recalculated some of the AgeWatch Index results based on reliable data. The methodology of both indices and the quality and adequacy of the data used are discussed in detail in the paper. The results show that ranking of Russia according to these indices varies considerably from the 65th place out of 96 countries by the Global AgeWatch Index to the 18th place among 29 countries (28 EU countries plus Russia) by the AAI. Nevertheless, both indices draw rather similar pictures of active ageing potential in Russia. We provide some recommendations on how the indicators can be modified to capture some peculiarities of the ageing context in Russia and other countries with similar demographic, economic and social context.
The Age-Friendly Cities (AFC) framework is being developed by the World Health Organization and has become a global concept. This paper analyses the findings of Age-Friendly Cities Project (AFC) conducted by the author with the World Health Organisation in Russia and the author’s experience of implementing the AFC Framework in the Senior Resource Centre “Wisdom Ripening” in the city of Tuymazy, Republic of Bashkortostan. Methods, used for the paper, include literature review; focus groups reserach (WHO Global AFC Project); interviews with the NGO professionals in Minnesota, USA; interviews and survey of older persons and volunteers, participating in activities of Senior Resource Centre “Wisdom Ripening”.
In the modern post-industrial society is broadcasted the ideal of youth. In this context, the signs of aging are stigmatized and criticized. To a greater extent this is a problem for women, because beauty is considered as a core capital for them, and loss of it can result in serious social consequences. Within this article examines changes of the sense of beauty in the context of chronological age. In this article the focus will be on the period of 30-35 years, as an intermediate between the youth and the beginning of aging. There will be examined how women talk about themselves in this age period and how they assess their attractiveness.
Ageing of population is a main challenge to the Russian pension system for coming decades. To what extent changing of parameters of demographic development - various rates of life expectancy growth, birth and migration rates will impact the finances of pension system? Authors answer this question using the analysis of forecasted dynamics of pension benefits and of the pension incomes and expenditures balance in frame of pay-as-you-go pension system. The article discusses the methodology of pension forecasts and its possible limitations, as well as the results of forecasting of basic parameters of pension system till 2030 in different scenarios of the population projection. The issue of financial consequences of possible growth of pension age is discussed separately.