The difference between manipulability indices in the IC and IANC models
We consider the calculation of Nitzan-Kelly’s manipulability index in the impartial anonymous and neutral culture (IANC) model. We provide a new theoretical study of this model and an estimation for the maximal difference between manipulability indices in the IANC model and a basic model, the impartial culture (IC). The asymptotic behavior of this difference is studied with the help of the impartial anonymous culture (IAC) model. It is shown that the difference between the IAC and IANC models tends to zero as the number of alternatives or the number of voters grows. These results hold for any other probabilistic measure that is anonymous and neutral. Finally, we calculate Nitzan-Kelly’s index in the IANC model for four social choice rules and compare it with the IC model.
We consider the problem of manipulability of social choice rules in the impartial anonymous and neutral culture model (IANC) and provide a new theoretical study of the IANC model, which allows us to analytically derive the difference between the Nitzan-Kelly index in the Impartial Culture (IC) and IANC models. We show in which cases this difference is almost zero, and in which the Nitzan-Kelly index for IANC is the same as for IC. However, in some cases this difference is large enough to cause changes in the relative manipulability of social choice rules. We provide an example of such cases.
System for thermal design on chip- and board-level of electronic components is introduced. It is integrated with Mentor Graphics CAD and consists of three subsystems: thermal design in IC Station; thermal design in Expedition PCB; thermal measurement for verification of temperature modeling results.
Procedures aggregating individual preferences into a collective choice differ in their vulnerability to manipulations. To measure it, one may consider the share of preference profiles where manipulation is possible in the total number of profiles, which is called Nitzan-Kelly's index of manipulability. The problem of manipulability can be considered in different probability models. There are three models based on anonymity and neutrality: impartial culture model (IC), impartial anonymous culture model (IAC), and impartial anonymous and neutral culture model (IANC). In contrast to the first two models, the IANC model, which is based on anonymity and neutrality axioms, has not been widely studied. In addition, there were no attempts to derive the difference of probabilities (such as Nitzan-Kelly's index) in IC and IANC analytically. We solve this problem and show in which cases the upper bound of this difference is high enough, and in which cases it is almost zero. These results enable us to simplify the computation of indices.
By extending manipulability indices defined for single-valued social choice rules to the multi-valued case, we explore the degree of manipulability of seven multi-valued social choice rules. Our analysis is based on computational experiments.
Market graph is built on the basis of some similarity measure for financial asset returns. The paper considers two similarity measures: classic Pearson correlation and sign correlation. We study the associated market graphs and compare the conditional risk of the market graph construction for these two measures of similarity. Our main finding is that the conditional risk for the sign correlation is much better than for the Pearson correlation for larger values of threshold for several probabilistic models. In addition, we show that for some model the conditional risk for sign correlation dominates over the conditional risk for Pearson correlation for all values of threshold. These properties make sign correlation a more appropriate measure for the maximum clique analysis.
On the basis of logical-probabilistic approach developed logical-probabilistic models of information security assessment of the object of attack. The models are based on the current level of knowledge to counter attacks and allow the information to take into account technological features, especially the functioning of the object of attack, regulations and any requirements. The properties of the obtained models in the grades of the new security functions. Improved reachability condition acceptable security level of the object of attack. formulates logic and probabilistic risk assessment criteria of information security object of attack. Proposed procedure for assessing price risks. Showing the direction of automation assess the level of risk on the basis of intelligent fuzzy logic and neural networks for web development environment for cloud computing in cluster Hadoop. Formulated the main system requirements for intelligent automated system monitoring daemon TaskTraker_состояние and others in cluster Hadoop.
New electro-thermal simulation subsystem was introduced into Mentor Graphics IC Design flow. The subsystem incorporates IC thermal simulation tool “Overheat”, dispatcher “ETh SimCoupler” as the simulation manager and layout converter “ETh Model Generator”. Application example of power voltage regulator IC simulation is described. A good agreement between simulated and IR-camera measured temperature pictures is achieved.
SEMI-THERM is an international forum dedicated to the thermal management and characterization of electronic components and
systems. It provides knowledge covering all thermal length scales from IC to facility level. The symposium fosters the exchange of
knowledge between thermal engineers, professionals and leading experts from industry as well as the exchange of information on the
latest academic and industrial advances in electronics thermal management.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.