In a way that reminds one of classic ethnographies, Love Stories is a book tightly woven around a paradoxical, and now discontinued, social practice. Sts’orproba was a way of teenage romance in a small and remote community of mountain-dwelling Khevsurs in Georgia 100 years ago. In sts’orproba’s consummative moment, the sts’orperi lovers “lied down” for the night of talk and some carefully restricted physical intimacy. Sts’orproba, however, was understood as a sociable, and not sexual, relationship between affable peers because it was only approved between co-residential, or otherwise socially proximal, young people whose union in marriage was impossible in this exogamous society. Opposite to both sex and marriage, sts’orproba continues to fascinate with the question: What was love in Georgia?
The article is dedicated to the analysis of school and family factors’ correlation with adolescent’s aggressiveness. Parental education and financial status of family were used as indicators of socio-economic wellbeing. School climate parameters were measured as relevant school characteristics. Multiple significant correlations of school climate and adolescent’s aggressiveness were found. Significant differences in the level of aggressiveness between groups of respondents with various rates of socio-economic wellbeing were also detected.
Subjective well-being and its predictors are a popular research subject in modern science. Many studies have revealed that intergenerational similarity of values and their transmission contribute to the psychological well-being of adolescents. Our research focuses on the similarities and differences of the relationship between intergenerational value transmission and well-being in Russian and Ossetian adolescents living in the Republic of South Ossetia — the State of Alania. The sample included 645 subjects (109 grand parent-parent-child triads from Russian families and 106 identical triads from Ossetian families). The following techniques were used: the PVQ-R Scale by S. Schwartz, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction With Life Scale by Diener. The data was processed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) in AMOS. The outcomes of the multigroup analysis showed differences in the relationship between intergenerational value transmission and well-being of the Russian and Ossetian adolescents. Also, we have found that older generations (grandparents) play a significant role in transmitting values to the adolescents in families of the Russian ethnic minority.
Different approaches to preventing adolescents’ involvement in criminal and delinquent communities are reviewed in the article. State actions and practices of local communities are analyzed. Main types of prevention practices (early prevention and intervention programs) are discussed; online prevention tools are mentioned.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.