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Article

Неопределенность, оптимизация, интересы

Terra Economicus. 2013. Т. 11. № 2. С. 136-151.

Accounts of several authoritative in-troductory textbooks are compared, the notions under consideration are: uncertainty, optimization, marginal items, interests. Proceeding from this basis, the author's classification of subjects’ objective interests is made; two fundamental principles of economic rationality – one of cost minimization and the other of benefit maximi-zation, – are described, with their associations to the effects of substitution and income, correspondingly, taken into account. Realization of the economic sovereignty both at nomadic and at settled ways of living, either in the past epochs, and in the societies of modern type, is accentuated as well.