Administrative Legal Proceedings in the Russian Federation: The Concept and Essence
The issues related to administrative legal proceedings are considered in publications with ever increasing frequency that is caused by the implementation of administrative reform in Russia. Questions about the concept, nature and location of the proceedings in the legal system of the Russian Federation are very controversial, both in terms of science and the practice. Problems in the concerned field of legal regulation have attracted the attention of Russian scientists-processualists as long ago as the XIX century. In the Soviet period, the term "administrative justice" was widely used. Today, the legal doctrine of the Russian Federation offers a variety of approaches to understand the essence of the administrative legal proceedings. In particular, certain group of scientists defines it in terms of the bodies authorized to resolve disputes of individuals and organizations with the authorities, the other one defines in terms of administration control of the authorized bodies and the third group suggests considering the concept of "administrative justice" in a broad and the narrow sense. Differences in attitudes and ambiguous understanding of this concept in the legal literature is related to the variety of its particular diversities, which derived due to historical, socio-economic and political factors in each country.