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Regular version of the site

Article

Водная проблема Центральной Азии: роли России, Китая и Ирана

Азия и Африка сегодня. 2014. № 3. С. -56--62.

Since fall 2012 forming of water-energy balance in Central got a real development Asia for the first time in post-soviet history. For last 20 years, a wide range of measures was implemented but only nowadays the dialogue overcame a intra five-republics level. The paper investigated an evolution of status quoin Central Asia affected by various events and tendencies, fruitfully flourished there in 2012. Policies of external regional hegemons, Russia and China are in the focus of the paper, also some attention is dedicated to Iranian initiatives. Besides that, a comparative analysis of Russian and Chinese economic influence is provided as well as theirs policies towards upstream and downstream republics. Ways to manage water problem in Central Asia are different for Russia and China, and these differences are also investigated in this paper. As a result, we managed to prove that both countries` influence has a complementary character due to division between economic and security guaranties demanded by Central Asian republics. Iranian influence is concentrated mostly in Tajikistan and less, Turkmenistan, but still it widens regional agenda a lot.