La Kalmoukie à l’école (fin 1950-2000)
The paper presents a overview of Kalmyk language during 1950-1980 in context of Soviet language policy based on the interview and documents. The focus of this investigation is on the problem of influence the deportation had on the language situation in Kalmykia (using the materials of linguistic biographies of Kalmyks) and language attitudes in the society that suffered deportation.
The article is devoted to describing the current language and media situation in Kazakhstan. The author focuses on the status of the Russian language, Russian speaking and Russian mass media as soft power instruments of Russian foreign policy in the post-Soviet space. The national language and information policies aimed at limiting Russia's influence is also considered.
Four electronic corpora created in 2011 within the framework of the “Corpus Linguistics: the Albanian, Kalmyk, Lezgian, and Ossetic Languages” Program of Fundamental Research of the RAS are presented. The interface and functionalities of these corpora are described, engineering problems to be solved in their creation are elucidated, and the promises of their development are discussed. A particular emphasis is made on the compilation of dictionaries and automatic grammatical markup of the corpora.
The volume includes proceedings of the 23th Scandianvian Conference of Linguistics (SCL 23) that was held at Uppsala University 1–3 October 2008. It includes studies covering a wide spectrum of approaches to linguistics, for example, cross-linguistic typological studies, linguistic variation and language change in contact situations as well as studies relating to bilingualism and to second and foreign language learning.
The author considers new tendencies in national languages development during globalization epoch, reveals the connection between socio-cultural and socio-linguistic changes and swift distribution of modern information technologies and pays special attention to the necessity of taking measures on languages protection from the destructive factors accompanying globalization process with the purpose of language variety preservation in the world and guaranteeing nations cultural traditions continuity.
Preface of editor
The paper examines syntactic and distributional properties of complementizers in Kalmyk, morphologically identical to non-finite forms of the verb 'say' (gi-), which is a common feature in Altaic languages. It is shown that when used as a complementizer the verb gi- still exhibits certain features associated with the verb 'say' as manifested in its distribution and restrictions on the interpretation of indexicals. At the same time, in its verbal uses the verb gi- shares a number of properties pertaining to functional elements. A unified analysis of both complementizer and verbal uses is proposed where gi- is a functional verb with impoverished semantic content.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.