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## On Morse–Smale diffeomorphisms on simply connected manifolds

Partial Differential Equations in Applied Mathematics. 2024. Vol. 11. Article 100759.

We study relations between a structure of non-wandering set of a Morse–Smale diffeomorphism f and its carrying closed manifold M^n. We prove that if f has no any saddle periodic points with one-dimensional unstable manifolds, and for any periodic point p of Morse index (n−1) its unstable manifolds do not intersect stable invariant manifolds of saddle periodic points different from p, then M^n is simply connected. This fact does not follow from Morse inequalities that give only restrictions on homology groups of M^n.

Grines V., Gurevich E., Pochinka O., Математические заметки 2019 Т. 105 № 1 С. 136-141

We provide a definition of a two-colored graph of a Morse-Smale diffeomorphism without heteroclinical intersection defined on the sphere $S^n$, $n\geq 4$ and prove that this graph is the complete topological invariant for such diffeomorphisms. ...

Added: October 13, 2018

Morozov A., Pochinka O., Moscow Mathematical Journal 2023 Vol. 23 No. 4 P. 571-590

In this paper, we consider orientation-preserving Morse-Smale diffeomorphisms on orientable closed surfaces. Such diffeomorphisms can have infinitely many heteroclinic orbits, which makes their topological classification very difficult. In fact, even in the case of a finite number of heteroclinic orbits, there are no exhaustive classification results. The main problem is that for all currently known ...

Added: November 29, 2023

Gurevich E., Смирнова А. С., Динамические системы 2018 Т. 2 № 15 С. 159-172

We consider a class $G$ of Morse-Smale diffeomorphisms on the sphere $S^n$ of dimension $n\geq 4$ such that invariant manifolds of different saddle periodic points of any diffeomorphisms from $G$ have no intersection. Dynamics of an arbitrary diffeomorphism $f\in G$ can be represented as ``sink-source'' dynamics where the ``sink'' $A_f$ (the ``source'' $R_f$) is the ...

Added: November 2, 2018

Gurevich E., Труды Средневолжского математического общества 2015 Т. 17 № 3 С. 120-126

We define a class of gradient-like diffeomorphisms that can be presented as local products of diffeomorphisms on the circle and on a surface, provide their topological classification and specify topology of the ambient manifold. ...

Added: December 4, 2015

Kruglov V., Malyshev D., Pochinka O. et al., Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems 2020

In this paper, we study gradient-like flows without heteroclinic intersections on n-sphere up to topological conjugacy. We prove that such a flow is completely defined by a bi-colour tree corresponding to a skeleton formed by co-dimension one separatrices. Moreover, we show that such a tree is a complete invariant for these flows with respect to ...

Added: October 17, 2019

О. В. Починка, Д. Д. Шубин, Математические заметки 2022 Т. 112 № 3 С. 426-443

The topological equivalence of nonsingular Morse–Smale flows under assumptions of various generality has been considered in many works (see, e.g., [1]–[4]). However, in the case of a small number of periodic orbits, it is possible to significantly simplify the known invariants and, most importantly, bring the classification problem to implementation by describing the admissibility of the ...

Added: August 28, 2022

Polotovskiy G., Борисов И. М., Итоги науки и техники. Современная математика и ее приложения. Тематические обзоры 2020 Т. 176 С. 3-18

The problem of topological classification of locations in the real projective plane of the union of nonsingular curves of degrees 2 and 6 is considered under some conditions of maximality and general position. After listing the permissible topological models of such locations to be investigated using the Orevkov method, based on the theory of braides ...

Added: October 25, 2019

Pochinka O., Shubin D., / Cornell University. Серия math "arxiv.org". 2021.

In the present paper the exhaustive topological classification of nonsingular Morse-Smale flows of n-manifolds with two limit cycles is presented. Hyperbolicity of periodic orbits implies that among them one is attracting and another is repelling. Due to Poincare-Hopf theorem Euler characteristic of closed manifold Mn which admits the considered flows is equal to zero. Only torus and Klein ...

Added: December 3, 2021

Gurevich E., Павлова Д. А., Журнал Средневолжского математического общества 2018 Т. 20 № 4 С. 378-383

We study a structure of four-dimensional phase space decomposition on trajectories of Morse-Smale flows admitting heteroclinical intersections. We consider a class $G(S^4)$ of Morse-Smale flows on the sphere $S^4$ such that for any flow $f\in G(S^4)$ its non-wandering set consists of exactly four equilibria: source, sink and two saddles. Wandering set of such flows ...

Added: November 11, 2018

Grines V., Gurevich E., Kurenkov E., Математические заметки 2020 Т. 107 № 1 С. 145-148

In the paper the topological classification of gradient-like flows on mapping tori is obtained. Such flows naturally appear in the modelling of processes with at least on cyclic coordinate. ...

Added: October 17, 2019

В. З. Гринес, Е. Я. Гуревич, Успехи математических наук 2022 Т. 77 № 4(466) С. 201-202

A result on the possibility of a complete topological classification of gradient-like flows without heteroclinic intersections, given on a manifold of dimension $n\geq 3$, homeomorphic to the connected sum $\S^{n-1}\times S^1$ is provided. This result significantly extends the class of structurally stable flows for which a topological classification has been obtained. ...

Added: June 24, 2022

Grines V., Mints D., Доклады Российской академии наук. Математика, информатика, процессы управления (ранее - Доклады Академии Наук. Математика) 2022 Т. 505 С. 66-70

We consider regular Denjoy type homeomorphisms of the two-dimensional torus which are the most natural generalization of Denjoy homeomorphisms of the circle. In particular, they arise as Poincaré maps induced on global cross sections by leaves of one-dimensional orientable unstable foliations of some partially hyperbolic diffeomorphisms of closed three-dimensional manifolds. The nonwandering set of each ...

Added: October 21, 2022

Pochinka O., Shubin D., Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences 2020 Vol. 5 No. 2 P. 261-266

In the present paper we construct an example of 4-dimensional flows on $S^3\times S^1$ whose saddle periodic orbit has a wildly embedded 2-dimensional unstable manifold. We prove that such a property has every suspension under a non-trivial Pixton's diffeomorphism. Moreover we give a complete topological classification of these suspensions. ...

Added: October 14, 2019

Kruglov V., Pochinka O., Известия высших учебных заведений. Прикладная нелинейная динамика 2021 Т. 29 № 6 С. 835-850

Purpose. The purpose of this study is to consider the class of Morse-Smale flows on surfaces, to
characterize its subclass consisting of flows with a finite number of moduli of stability, and to obtain a topological
classification of such flows up to topological conjugacy, that is, to find an invariant that shows that there exists
a homeomorphism that ...

Added: October 5, 2021

Grines V., Gurevich E., Medvedev V., Труды Математического института им. В.А. Стеклова РАН 2020 Т. 310 С. 119-134

В работе рассматривается класс G(S^n) сохраняющих ориентацию диффеоморфизмов Морса-Смейла, заданных на сфере S^n размерности n≥4 в предположении, что инвариантные многообразия различных седловых периодических точек не пересекаются. Для диффеоморфизмов из этого класса описан алгоритм реализации всех классов топологической сопряженности. ...

Added: June 4, 2020

Golikova L., Зинина С. Х., Известия высших учебных заведений. Прикладная нелинейная динамика 2021 Т. 29 № 6 С. 851-862

It is known from the 1939 work of A. G. Mayer that rough transformations of the circle are limited to the
diffeomorphisms of Morse – Smale. A topological conjugacy class of orientation-preserving diffeomorphism is entirely determined by its rotation number and the number of its periodic orbits, while for orientation-changing diffeomorphism the topological invariant will be ...

Added: December 3, 2021

Grines V., Левченко Ю. А., Доклады Российской академии наук. Математика, информатика, процессы управления (ранее - Доклады Академии Наук. Математика) 2012 Т. 447 № 2 С. 127-129

The paper is devoted to topological classifiication of cascades on 3-manifolds whose nonwandering set consists of surface 2-dimensional basic sets. ...

Added: February 25, 2015

V. Z. Grines, E. Ya. Gurevich, O. V. Pochinka, Journal of Mathematical Sciences 2022 Vol. 265 No. 6 P. 868-887

This review presents the results of recent years on solving of the Palis problem on finding necessary and sufficient conditions for the embedding of Morse–Smale cascades in topological flows. To date, the problem has been solved by Palis for Morse–Smale diffeomorphisms given on manifolds of dimension two. The result for the circle is a trivial ...

Added: February 2, 2023

Gurevich E., Malyshev D., Журнал Средневолжского математического общества 2016 Т. 18 № 4 С. 30-33

We consider a class $G$ of orientation preserving Morse-Smale diffeomorphisms without heteroclinical intersection defined on the sphere $S^{n}$ of dimension $n>3$. We put a colored graph $\Gamma_f$, endowed by a automorphism $P_f$ into the correspondence for every diffeomorphism $f\in G$ and give a definition of an isomorphism of such graphs. There is stated that there ...

Added: November 16, 2016

Nozdrinova E., Pochinka O., Tsaplina E., Moscow Mathematical Journal 2024 Vol. 24 No. 1 P. 21-39

The classical approach to the study of dynamical systems consists in representing the dynamics of the system in the form of a "source-sink", that means identifying an attractor-repeller pair, which are attractor-repellent sets for all other trajectories of the system. If there is a way to choose this pair so that the space orbits in ...

Added: March 31, 2024

Kruglov V., Malyshev D., Pochinka O. et al., Regular and Chaotic Dynamics 2020 Vol. 25 No. 6 P. 716-728

In this paper, we study gradient-like flows without heteroclinic intersections on n-sphere up to topological conjugacy. We prove that such a flow is completely defined by a bi-colour tree corresponding to a skeleton formed by co-dimension one separatrices. Moreover, we show that such a tree is a complete invariant for these
flows with respect to the ...

Added: November 15, 2020

Grines V., Zhuzhoma E. V., Medvedev V. et al., Siberian Advances in Mathematics 2018 Т. 21 № 2 С. 163-180

In this paper, we study the relationship between the structure of the set of equilibrium states of a gradient-like flow and the topology of a carrier manifold of dimension 4 and higher. We introduce a class of manifolds admitting a generalized Heegaard decomposition. It is established that if a non-wandering set of a gradient-like flow ...

Added: May 27, 2018

Grines V., Gurevich E., Yakovlev E., Журнал Средневолжского математического общества 2021 Т. 23 № 4 С. 379-393

We consider a class GSD(M3) of gradient-like diffeomorphisms with surface dynamics
given on closed oriented manifold M3 of dimension three. In [3] it was proved that manifods,
admitting such diffemorohpsims, are mapping tori under oriented surface of genus g, and the number
of heteroclinic curves no less that 12g. In this paper we determine a subset of GSD(M3) ...

Added: October 24, 2022

Pochinka O., Shubin D., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2022.

In the present paper, non-singular Morse-Smale flows on closed orientable 3-manifolds under the assumption that among the periodic orbits of the flow there is only one saddle one and it is twisted are considered. An exhaustive description of the topology of such manifolds is obtained. Namely, it has been established that any manifold admitting such ...

Added: January 30, 2023