Интересное кино. Современная российская политика в зеркале известных фильмов
Après la mort de Staline (1953), le discours officiel sur « l'homme nouveau » reste inchangé pour l’essentiel, mais l’image du Soviétique dans les œuvres littéraires et artistiques se modifie très nettement. De plus en plus de Soviétiques tentent, par l’art et la culture, d’échapper aux règles encadrant la vie sociale. La culture se fait double, voire triple, plus que jamais, elle multiplie les codes, les doubles sens, l’implicite.
Existence of the problem of “the protester” within the legal political discourse serves as a proof of a constant human strive towards broadening of their civil rights and liberties. The degree of these liberties directly depends on the definition of the political regime and the existing legal system that motivates a person to broaden their liberties, as well as serving as a form of repression that limits the rights and liberties of a person.“The protester” is viewed differently within various legal discourses, which testifies of the existing difference in perception of the subject of liberty that pertains to the diversity of the cultural, political and legal traditions.The author tends to believe that the image of “the protester”, as the society’s right to liberty and demonstration of a protest is differently legitimized by one or another cultural tradition, which reflects in the amount of their rights and liberties that are allocated to them by the legal discourse.The forming of a certain tendency for protest, its technologies and aesthetics completely depends on the definition of the political regime that formulates specific requirements for the format of liberty within the framework of legal discourse.
The article is a continuation of the work published in the second issue of the Monitoring of Public Opinion (No 2, 2015) which reconstructs non-protest apolitical ethos of the volunteer participation denying the compliance between the volunteer’s role and the protest activity. The article considers an alternative point of view allowing the co-existence of the volunteering and the protect participation. The purpose of the study is to reconstruct the categorical framework of the volunteering protest ethos using the interviews with volunteers which admit protest participation as part of volunteering. The reconstruction represents five derived dimensions formed by the dichotomically opposed meanings of the protest volunteering. There are two ways to legitimize the protest participation of the volunteers in the protest ethos: either to speak in favor of the «essence of the volunteering», or to speak in favor of the «object of preoccupation»: each argument has its limits and scope of tasks posed for the protest action as well as different meanings of the volunteerism and protest actions.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.