Regional Patrons and Hegemonic Party Performance in Russia
Post-Soviet Affairs. 2013. Vol. 29. No. 2. P. 101-135.
Reuter O. J.
A political scientist examines how regional elites shape the electoral fortunes of Russia’s hegemonic party, United Russia (UR). Using original data on regional legislative elections from 2003 to 2011, we show that UR performs better in those regions where regional governors control strong political machines. Russia’s leadership undercut its own electoral strategy by replacing
popular elected governors with colorless bureaucrats who struggled to mobilize votes on behalf of United Russia. This is one of the reasons for United Russia’s poor performance in recent elections.
Priority areas: state and public administration
United Russia’s Primaries and the Strength of Political Machines in the Regions of Russia: Evidence from the 2016 Duma Elections
, , Europe-Asia Studies 2019 Vol. 71 No. 5 P. 824-839
The primary elections of United Russia party serve as a tool for party organization and voter mobilization. In the run-up to the 2016 national legislative elections, the strength of United Russia’s regional political machines was tested in a massive campaign of intra-party elections. This study traces the history United Russia’s primaries in 2007-2011, which allows ...
Added: October 8, 2018
, , Russian Politics 2022 Vol. 7 No. 2 P. 183-209
This paper explores the impact of vote mobilization and economic performance on gubernatorial appointments in Russia. Previous research has demonstrated that governors are more likely to be reappointed when the regime is performing well at the polls in the region. By contrast, there is inconsistent evidence that regional economic performance affects a governor’s reappointment chances. ...
Added: July 24, 2022
Фундамент «вертикали»: выборы и распределение межбюджетных трансфертов на местном уровне (Случаи Новгородской области и Пермского края)
, , Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2019 № 2 С. 151-167
Abstract. Over the last fifteen years municipalities in Russia have lost a significant part of their financial autonomy: the average share of transfers from regional budgets to municipal budgets has doubled. Simultaneously, mu- nicipalities have lost their political autonomy from the regional authorities. The article is dedicated to finding answers to such questions as whether the ...
Added: September 2, 2019
Избирательные блоки: опыт применения и перспективы возвращения института в избирательную систему России
, Сравнительное конституционное обозрение 2020 № 1 С. 81-106
This article describes the issues of creation and activity of electoral blocs. Electoral blocs can be considered as unions or associations of political parties, as well as public movements for joint participation in the electoral proess, including nominating a joint list of candidates, conducting a joint campaign, as well as monitoring the voting process and ...
Added: March 2, 2020
, Политическая наука 2017 № 4 С. 61-84
The article is dedicated to the foundations of electoral clientelism employed by the regional machines in Russia. The author uses qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) in order to analyze the data from 25 regional campaigns in 2015 generated by the PEI expert survey. The degree of clientelism by the Russian regional machines can be explained by ...
Added: October 20, 2017
Попытка демократического прорыва: взлеты и падения Государственной Думы первого созыва (1993-1995г.г.) (к 30-летию Российской Федерации). Часть I
, , Вопросы политологии 2021 Т. 11 № 5(69) С. 1318-1334
The first part of the article, devoted to the history of the Fifth State Duma of the Russian Federation, examines the main problems of historiography of the early stage of modern Russian parliamentary and shows the reasons and main directions of discussions on the activities of the State Duma of the first convocation. The authors, giving ...
Added: June 7, 2021
“Раздельное голосование” на федеральных парламентских выборах в России (на примере Государственной Думы VII созыва)
, Полис. Политические исследования 2023 № 3 С. 114-131
The article is devoted to split-ticket voting in the 2016 State Duma elections. After the re-introducing of the mixed electoral system, voting for both the list of the party A and a candidate nominated by the party B appears to be popular among the electorates. This fact contradicts the conventional wisdom that institutionalized party systems ...
Added: December 11, 2022
, Мировая экономика и международные отношения 2022 Т. 66 № 12 С. 16-26
The article explores the process of fragmentation of political party systems in 25 member countries of the European Union during the last three decades (since 1990s). The analysis starts with discussion on prerequisites of fragmentation through the theoretical lens of the works of S. Lipset/S. Rokkan and A. Lijphart. The main prerequisite is accretion of the ...
Added: December 14, 2022
, Избирательное законодательство и практика 2016 № 4 С. 11-17
The article discusses the contemporary state of the institute of political parties, first and foremost through its participation in elections. The first part of the article looks at new phenomena in the electoral process and adaptation of the parties’ strategies and tactics to the new circumstances. Attention is drawn to broader participation of citizens in ...
Added: January 18, 2017
Stopping the feast in times of plague: fighting criminal corporate raiding in diverse Russian regions
, Post-Soviet Affairs 2020 Vol. 36 No. 5-6 P. 416-433
This paper analyzes the process of renegotiation of the informal contract between the regional and federal elites of Russia after the economic crisis. We use the database of Center of Public Procedures’ “Business against Corruption” to show that, after 2011, regional elites in Russia lost the preexisting opportunity to extract rents from businesses in return ...
Added: June 30, 2020
, Russian Politics 2019 Vol. 4 No. 1 P. 76-111
The regional machines created by the Russian governors in the mid-1990s turned out to be most effective in the ethnic republics. This phenomenon is supported by several facts, with the primary as follows: the density of the patronage networks among the rural ethnic minorities, and the economic heritage of the Soviet period and ethnical institutionalization. These factors allowed regional ...
Added: February 20, 2020
Измерение выборов при электоральном авторитаризме: индекс диспропорциональности для российских выборов
, Политическая экспертиза: ПОЛИТЭКС 2015 Т. 11 № 4 С. 198-207
Disproportionality index measures a deviation of an electoral outcome from the voters' choice. It is measured usually through the deviation of the number of allocated seats from the vote shares. The article presents an alternative way to measure a degree of disproportionality under the electoral authoritarianism. The disproportionality index takes into account indirect effect to ...
Added: May 1, 2015
Бесконфликтная арена? Эффекты введения процедуры конкурсного отбора глав местной власти в крупных городах России
, , Политическая наука 2021 № 2 С. 260-281
Local self-government in Russia throughout its history has remained a place for constant reforming. Amendments to the federal law from 2015 introduced a new procedure of selecting local heads or mayors – through competition commissions with a subsequent vote in local assemblies. By now, this selection model has become the most widespread among Russian municipalities. There ...
Added: July 16, 2021
, В кн. : Демократия в российском зеркале. : М. : МГИМО-Университет, 2013. Гл. 7. С. 211-237.
В главе рассматривается история института выборов в различных обществах, функции, выполняемые выборами в различных политических системах, критерии оценки честности и справедливости выборов, роль выборов для политического развития страны. ...
Added: October 20, 2014
“There is no Middle Class in this Oblast. There are Rich and Poor.”: Economic and Social Policy Trade-Offs in the Russian Regions
, , et al., “There is no Middle Class in this Oblast. There are Rich and Poor.”: Economic and Social Policy Trade-Offs in the Russian Regions / National Council for Eurasian and East European Research. Series "NCEEER Working Paper". 2011. No. 825-06.
On the basis of in-depth case studies of four Russian regions, Kirov and Voronezh oblasts and Krasnoyarsk and Perm' krais, the trade-offs among social and economic policy at the regional level in Russia are examined. All four regional governments seek to develop entrepreneurship while preserving social welfare obligations and improving compensation in the public sector. ...
Added: November 8, 2012
, Власть 2017 № 1 С. 59-66
In this article the author analyzes the phenomenon of protest behavior of voters in the Russian Federal Elections 2016. Voters choose the Russian State Duma and regional parliaments. The author analyzes the situation in the Lipetsk region, where a large number of invalid ballots was recorded by a vote. Against the background of the protest ...
Added: February 12, 2017
, , et al., М. : Проспект, 2011
Учебник ориентирован на мировой опыт и традиции политической науки и политологического образования, новаторский и оригинальный характер которого состоит прежде всего в многоуровневой структуре материала. Помимо основного текста учебник включает интерпретации, фактологические сведения, цитаты из классической и новейшей литературы, обширный банк научных биографий видных представителей социально-политической мысли, определения ключевых понятий. Учебник позволяет получить объемное и целостное ...
Added: April 12, 2013
, Russian Politics and Law 2016 Vol. 54 P. 74-95
The accelerated integration of Crimea into Russia's state system illuminates the overall sociopolitical process in Russia. The process was largely improved, with various agencies each pursuing its own course of action. Some were formed on the basis of existing Ukrainian institutions, while others were created de novo. In some cases, locals were given senior positions, ...
Added: March 14, 2017
, Journal of Politics 2012 No. 74(2) P. 1023-1037
Elections are among the most important and least understood institutions in contemporary authoritarian regimes. Theoretically, electoral authoritarian regimes should have an informational advantage that makes them more robust than other types of authoritarian regimes, but much empirical evidence suggests otherwise. In this article we offer a new perspective on why this might be the case. ...
Added: December 31, 2012
, Политическая наука 2019 № 1 С. 13-32
The article analyses various aspects of impact that elections produce on political institutions. In includes “ritual” function of elections which produce a political nation, legitimation of all political institutions and professional political class. Another function is representation of citizens in the political domain by virtue of intermediary political institutions. Yet another, is building a system ...
Added: April 1, 2019
, Communist and Post-Communist Studies 2019 Vol. 52 No. 4 P. 323-330
The article attempts to identify major factors of the nationalization of the vote in contemporary Russia using the two level approach: the between- and within-region. The former compares regions as units of analysis while the latter additionally takes into account voting in municipalities to obtain levels of voting homogeneity within the regions. The study uses ...
Added: December 9, 2016
, , Конституционное и муниципальное право 2019 № 3 С. 29-37
The authors of the article develop a hypothesis, that tracing and analyzing dynamics of electoral law changes is enough to make a presumptive analysis of current political regime. In order to test this hypothesis, the authors propose a special classification of electoral law direct amendments, made during the last 25 years. The analysis of amendments ...
Added: September 12, 2019
Трансформация электорального поведения россиян в условиях изменения избирательного законодательства в 2000-х гг.
, Проблемный анализ и государственно-управленческое проектирование 2015 № 2 С. 96-109
Th is article examines the transformation of the determinants of electoral behavior in the elections for the regional executive and legislative power until 2013. Th e author comes to the conclusion that the instrumental model of the explanations of electoral behavior in the elections for the Legislative Assembly is not functional in the analysis of ...
Added: March 23, 2015
, , , Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2020 № 1 С. 154-183
Одним из основных трендов последних десятилетий в западных демократиях стало появление новых политических игроков, артикулирующих меняющиеся запросы общества (популисты, националисты, евроскептики, феминистки, экологические движения и др.). Оформляясь в партии, эти игроки бросают вызов существующей партийной системе, что делает ее более волатильной. Авторы представленного в статье исследования сосредоточили свое внимание на динамике национализации партийных систем как одной из составляющих волатильности, отражающей ...
Added: April 23, 2020