Об энергетической функции для прямого произведения дискретных динамических систем
This paper is devoted to the construction of an energy function, i.e. a smooth Lyapunov function, whose set of critical points coincides with the chain-recurrent set of a dynamical system — for a cascade that is a direct product of two systems. One of the multipliers is a structurally stable diffeomorphism given on a two-dimensional torus, whose non-wandering set consists of a zero-dimensional non-trivial basic set without pairs of conjugated points and without fixed source and sink, and the second one is an identical mapping on a real axis. It was previously proved that if a non-wandering set of a dynamical system contains a zero-dimensional basic set, as the diffeomorphism under consideration has, then such a system does not have an energy function, namely, any Lyapunov function will have critical points outside the chain-recurrent set. For an identical mapping, the energy function is a constant on the entire real line. In this paper, it is shown that the absence of an energy function for one of the multipliers is not a sufficient condition for the absence of such a function for the direct product of dynamical systems, that is, in some cases it is possible to select the second cascade in such a way that the direct product will have an energy function.