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Article

Value Adaptation Among Intra-European Migrants: Role of Country of Birth and Country of Residence

Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2014. Vol. 45. No. 10. P. 1626 -1642.

This article challenges the common assumption that basic human values remain stable during  the lifetime of an individual. It demonstrates that migrants’ values are highly likely to change  after emigrating to a new country. Using cross-sectional data, we estimated the link between  individual values of intra-European migrants and country of birth and residence, as well as  values that are common there. Values were measured by Schwartz’s questionnaire as well as  Inglehart’s Self-Expression items. Cross-classified multilevel regression models were applied to  the sample of migrants, selected from five rounds of the European Social Survey. The results  demonstrated the significance of both the country of residence and the country of birth as  well as values, which are common in these countries. Surprisingly, the association of migrants’  values with the country of residence appeared to be higher than the one of country of birth.  Furthermore, migrants’ values better correspond to values that are common in the country  of residence than values widespread in the country of birth. Assuming that value-based selfselection of migrants is negligible, the results support the idea that basic values are subject to  change over an individual life span and not only during one’s formative years