В.Е. Маковский и русские писатели XIX века. Неизвестные материалы
The Peredvizhnik artist Vladimir Makovsky (1846–1920) went down in history of Russian art as a recognized master of “small genre”, the author of a short entertaining story in painting. This article for the first time analyses the parallels between the artworks of V. Makovsky and texts of Russian writers of the 19th century — N. Gogol, I. Turgenev, L. Tolstoy, M. Gorky, and A. Chekhov. Based on the analysis of memoirs of contemporaries and materials from periodical press, the author comes to the conclusion that many paintings by V. Makovsky could be inspired by the texts of Russian literature of the 19th century. The language of his paintings is often in unison with the literary words. In the texts of each of the writers, the master found something for himself: he was attracted by the lyrical beginning in I. Turgenev’s stories, in the texts by N. Gogol he found humour and social satire, in the literary works by L. Tolstoy — the theses of humanism. The present article is based on the comparison of verbal and visual works, iconographic parallels, the analysis of form and style, and the study of the biographies of writers and the artist. The research methodology includes the comparative approach and the social history of art. The article introduces into scientific circulation a large number of previously unpublished materials of the periodical press. An important part of this research is the review and analysis of art history texts by both Russian and foreign scientists.