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Article

Феномен рефлексии в контексте проблемы саморегуляции

Леонтьев Д. А., Аверина А.

The paper discusses the phenomenon of self-reflection as a philosophical issue, as an object of psychological investigation and as a characteristic of human existence. The paper is focused on the problem of ambivalence of self-reflective processes. Some studies highlight the connection of self-reflection with depression, neuroticism and pessimism while other works underline the positive role of self-reflection in adjustment and self-regulation processes. To resolve this contradiction a differential model of self-reflection which distinguishes several types of reflective self-attitude including types supporting and hindering effective self-regulation of life activity is proposed.