Бюджетный процесс на стадии рассмотрения и утверждения бюджетов
Article is devoted to the legal regulation of the budget process at the stage of consideration and approval of budgets. Author considers in detail the procedure for consideration and approval of the federal law on the federal budget for the next fiscal year and planning period.
The article describes the organizational and legal foundation of the principle of budget transparency in Poland. The study considers the legal basis for access to information about the activities of public authorities and the legal foundation of the principle of transparency of the budgetary process in the Republic of Poland. The main instruments for achievement of transparency of all operations with public funds such as budget classification, the cash servicing of budget implementation, budget accounting and reporting are analysed. While attempting to describe the aforementioned matters, the author proposes a definition of the term “budget transparency”.
The issue is devoted to the problematic aspects of legal support and the functioning of the CATE regime, such as: 1) the absence of a clear distinction of powers of the Russian Federation, regions and municipalities related to the ensuring CATE’s life; 2) financial dependence on CATE of the Federal Center; 3) issues connected with the business and investments in CATE. The authors identify several improvements in the legal regulation of the regime.
The paper presents analysis of the UK presidency in the EU in 2005, its priorities and outcomes, reflected in the EU and UK documents and formal statements of the leaders. The analysis leads to a conclusion that in spite of the density of the Presidency agenda and simultaneous responsibility for the G8 Chairmanship, the Presidency achieved most of its objectives including successful agreement of the EU 2007-2013 financial perspective.
The author has analyzed transformation of norms of the Budget code of the Russian Federation, the frequency and size of its amendments, has revealed a problem of excess instability of its norms, which is connected with the period of intensive economic reforms and high economic dependence on global economic conditions. It considerably complicates the practice of application of the budgetary legislation, leads to a conflict and reduces the overall effectiveness of the Government of the Russian Federation activities. The obtained results have allowed the author to come to the conclusions concerning the causes of the current situation in the sphere of the budgetary legislation. The importance of the analysis gives the ongoing work on the preparation of a new version of the Budget code of the Russian Federation. Some suggestions of the author will allow the norms of the Budget code of the Russian Federation in the future to be more clear, systematic, predictable and stable.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/