Сбалансированное развитие социо-экономико-экологической системы
The article examines the issues of inﬂuence of the environmental activity at the value on of the acquisition cost of necessary natural and energy resources for balanced development of socio-economic-ecological system, as well as in terms of economic damages.
The article examines the history of creation and implementation of the master plans of Saint- Petersburg as well as formation and perspective development of Saint-Petersburg urban agglomeration on the basis of a balanced urban development of the territories, long-term socio-economic prognosis in conditions of provision of sustain¬able socio-economic development of united economic complex of the city and region.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.