Как подготовить и написать диссертацию советы аспирантам и магистрам в области экономико-математических исследований
It is the text of the lecture given to the students of the State University Higher School of Economics on April 10, 2008. Two problems are discussed: how to write thesis and how to write articles.
The present article contains an analysis of requirements to qualification of the Ph.D. thesis mentors, scientific competitors. The article shows that in the field of economical sciences candidates preparation these criteria are not met. Ways of the solutions for these problems are proposed.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.