Модернизация реального сектора экономики: пространственный аспект
The paper considers the principle tasks, priorities, trends, and sources of modernizing the Russian socio-economic system and its real sector. We show the peculiarities of modernization of the spatial structure of the economy; dynamics and efficiency of some economic activities; and the fact that peculiarities of regional economic systems such as the state and structure of fixed assets, sectoral production structure, and receptivity to innovations are the important factors of the modernization. We also describe the different approaches to regional policy aimed at modernization, and display a necessity to have a balanced regional policy.
The article analyses the differences in demographic dynamics for settlements and areas of different types viewed from the perspective of the center-periphery conception. The author veries the hypothesis that in modern conditions the concentration of the population increases in regional centers and adjacent areas, the regional dynamics of the population in certain administrative and territory units is as strong as the interregional one. The periphery territories of different regions have fewer differences compared with regional centers. This factor forms the interregional socioeconomic differentiation. The article also provides the dynamics of the
population in cities, towns and rural areas depending on their remoteness from the regional center.
This article analyzes the political reasons for Russia's failure to define and implement a coherent regional policy during the 2000s. Combining Jonh Kingdon's "multiple framework" and empirical evidence from Russian regional policy, I conclude that the failure resulted from the inability and administratively and politically weak reformers to resist top officials who consider regional development a secondary priority and pressure groups that are interested in the maintaining the status quo.
Capability of intellectual assets to bring about economic benefits is one of the main conditions of involving them into economic activity. Transfer of intellectual assets may result in creating competitive advantages and on this basis, the growth of the market cost of companies.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.