The chapter deals with the problem of demarcation of Russian economic thought. The point of demarcation is 1890 - the year of publication of the M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky' article on the marginal utility of economic goods.
A creative heritage of the Russian economist S.A. Pervushin (1888-1966) is considered
In Moscow, on October 15–16, 2015, a regular international scientific conference of the cycle “Great Economists and Great Reforms” took place at the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation. This collective monograph, prepared following the results of the conference, is devoted to the analysis of Kosygin reforms aimed at increasing economic independence within the framework of the socialist economic system. The authors of the monograph provide a deep and multidimensional analysis of the Soviet experience in carrying out socio-economic reforms, reveal institutional traps that slowed down, and then canceled the realization of the positive potential of the Kosygin reform. Discussion of the fate of the reforms in 1965 brings to discussion the general problems of the development of the Soviet economic model and the prerequisites for the formation in the post-Soviet period of a new, already Russian economic model.
Collection is based on the extraordinary Kondratieff Readings conducted under II Russian Economic Congress, with the addition of new archival data about N.D. Kondratieff' family.
By February 1917, the handful of future Bolshevik leaders of Russia were scattered all over the globe. Among the few things they had in common was a peculiar vision of the Russian economy and of global economic trends. That vision guided their revolutionary activity. Whether it was “correct” or not, they succeeded. With their grip on power secured, however, their economic reasoning had to confront new challenges, which eventually reshaped the original approach. The article reconstructs the origins of the Bolshevik economics and traces its developments after 1917.
A creative heritage of the Russian economist S.A. Pervushin (1888-1966) is considered.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.