Какие продукты на рынке ипотечного кредитования могут стать драйверами модернизационного развития
The paper is based on materials from two projects carried out by the Center for Migration Studies (CMS, Moscow), which have been realized with support from the UN Women: “Opportunities and Problems of Social Integration of Labor Migrants from Central Asian Countries in Russia” (the sample size is 400 respondents; the query regions are Moscow and St. Petersburg) and “Migrant Women from CIS Coun tries in Russia” (the sample size is 1169 respondents; the query regions are Moscow and Moscow oblast, Samara oblast, St. Petersburg and Leningrad oblast, and Krasnodar krai). The materials of two focus groups with migrant women from Central Asia in Russia, which were organized in 2010, have also been used.
This monograph deals with migration issues in Europe. The authors examine how migration affects the social and political situation in the European Union and point out difficulties in integrating immigrants in the EU Member States. They analyse the normative base of the EU immigration policy and consider new proposals in combating illegal migration as well. Challenges for the Russian immigration policy are also in the focus of authors’ attention. Experts define specific features of labour immigration to Russia and characterise different channels to attract foreign workers. The latest changes in the Russian immigration law, a case of the Southern Federal District in the context of Russian immigration policy, applicability of the EU’s experience and the EU-Russia cooperation in migration are also observed. In conclusion the authors express their concern over the fact that even with existing programmes, laws and institutions immigration policy in different parts of Europe is still lacking efficiency.
This paper discusses the data of sociological surveys on the motives and sources of attracting migrants, their legalization and the quality of the labor force, employment conditions, and the registration of labor relations with the employer. The surveys were conducted in selected regions and industries employing migrants.
The chapter contains a review of labour migration trends and migration policies in the area of the Commonwealth of independend states.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.