The collection includes reports made at the plenary and sectional of the International Scientific Conference "Modern Education development vectors. The role of social and humanitarian knowledge in the formation of spiritual and moral culture of a graduate of a pedagogical university ", pro- who studied at the Moscow Pedagogical State University in April 2017. The book is intended for specialists- researchers, graduate students and students studying the problems of modern education.
The article presents author's development on modeling interactive methods of teaching students of gaming techniques for working with children. This methodology has been repeatedly implemented with Russian and Korean students of pedagogical universities.
The present research looks at assessing students’ written works and providing them with written corrective feedback as an important part of professional and communicative competence of language teachers. In this article, we describe a set of exercises that have been designed to develop this skill and can be implemented in teacher training.
Academic literature and expert communities actively discuss possible new sources of economic growth and social development. The task of maximizing the creative potential of an individual, including innovative, entrepreneurial activity – is central. The economy and society require a massive influx of technology entrepreneurs and leaders. For the education system, this sets the aim of preparing people who are ready for proactive action in the economic and social sphere. In the present paper, we consider the approaches to training and assessing the effectiveness of educational programs and courses in the field of entrepreneurship education in universities worldwide, and offer an evaluation of the effectiveness of such programs using the example of a course organized with the participation of RVC (“Russian venture company”). The authors hope that the results of the presented study will help to develop the evidence-base approach for creating an integrated ecosystem of entrepreneurship support, including the technological sphere.
The article describes an online professional development course implemented to facilitate pre- and in-service foreign language teachers’ acquisition of technology skills for teaching (Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2010-2013). It also discusses the results of an exploratory telecollaboration project between the course participants and fellow foreign language education teachers (Masters’ students in the Foreign Language Education program at the University of Texas at Austin), which was offered as part of the course in 2013. Student teachers’ views on the benefits and challenges of participating in the online course are revealed, and additional pedagogical implications for conducting similar online professional development courses are proposed.
Objectives Teaching involves multiple performance situations, potentially causing psychosocial stress. Since the theater-based improvisation method is associated with diminished social stress, we investigated whether improvisation lessened student teachers’ stress responses using the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST; preparatory phase, public speech, and math task). Moreover, we studied the influence of interpersonal confidence (IC) – the belief regarding one’s capability related to effective social interactions – on stress responses. Methods The intervention group (n = 19) received a 7-week (17.5 h) improvisation training, preceded and followed by the TSST. We evaluated experienced stress using a self-report scale, while physiological stress was assessed before (silent 30-s waiting period) and during the TSST tasks using cardiovascular measures (heart rate, heart rate variability [HRV]), electrodermal activation, facial electromyography (f-EMG), and EEG asymmetry. Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA-axis) reactivity was assessed through repeated salivary cortisol sampling. Results Compared to the control group (n = 16), the intervention group exhibited less fEMG activity before a public speech and higher HRV before the math task. The low IC intervention subgroup reported significantly less stress during the math task. The controls showed a decreased heart rate before the math task, and controls with a low IC exhibited higher HRV during the speech. Self-reported stress and cortisol levels were positively correlated during the post-TSST preparatory phase. Conclusions These findings suggest that improvisation training might diminish stress levels, specifically before a performance. In addition, interpersonal confidence appears to reduce stress responses. The decreased stress responses in the control group suggest adaptation through repetition.
This study explores pre‐service foreign language teachers’ (N=25) beliefs about the value and usefulness of employing technology‐enhanced activities (discussion forums, blogs, wikis, e‐portfolios, videotape recordings) in a methods course, and their perceptions of how these activities supported their learning. Likert‐scale items from an anonymous questionnaire indicated that participants found those activities beneficial for bridging theory and practice, enhancing critical thinking, and promoting professional growth. A qualitative analysis of participants’ reflections revealed that, despite technologyrelated challenges and preferences for other coursework activities, participants believed that the technology‐based activities provided increased opportunities for varied and richer interactions, peer feedback, and reflection; helped develop their learner autonomy and sense of belonging to a community of learners; modeled effective technology uses; and fostered a deeper appreciation of technology‐enriched practices.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.