L'objet de cet article est l`analyse comparative des problèmes de la réglementation juridique de l`activité médicale (incluant la médecine traditionnelle) et la responsabilité pénale pour l'exercice illégal de la médecine et pour les autres infractions en France et en Russie.
The article considers the features of the presumption of knowledge of criminal law rules as a condition of guilt and responsibility for crimes in the sphere of economic activity. It argues conclusions on the ways to improve the organization of legal education of population, as well as the system of legal training of the staff engaged in economic structures and in respect of their penal control officers of the relevant legal institutions. It also justifies the relationship between the strengthen of the presumption of knowledge of criminal law in relation to these crimes with an increase in the effectiveness of criminal justice in the relevant field, and hence the efficiency of the economic activity.
Presumption of knowledge of law, crime, economic activity, legal education of population, legal training, criminal justice supervision, crimes in the sphere of economic activity, the order of publish of laws and their promulgation, commentary, Explanation, legal public education, legal studies, Legal institutions
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/