Становление индустриального общества и поиски богатства народов
In the section of the textbook on economic comparativity preconditions of the industrial society formation are investigated; three stages of industrial capitalistic development are revealed; genesis of classical political economy as the science of nations’ wealth is analyzed; self-sustained growth concept is described. The training and methodological materials are attached.
The paper analyzes the classical and neoclassical assumptions concerning the effect of the natural and the institutional environments on the comparative welfare of various countries. The distinction is considered between the preindustrial and industrial societies as to their natural and institutional conditions.
The article deals with the economic consequences of the Industrial Revolution. Detailed analysis of gold standard and its evolution is provided. Aggravation of social contradictions in the first half of the XIX century led to the creation of utopian projects of reconstruction of the world. The paper analyzes the political economy of labor, its formation, development and historical destiny.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.